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    See what makes December 1 special at Famous Daily.
    History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!


    What happened on December 1

    • December 1, 0800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

    • December 1, 1167 The Lombard League is formed in northern Italy.

    • December 1, 1420 Henry V of England enters Paris.

    • December 1, 1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule

    • December 1, 1640 Portugal regains its independence from Spain and Joo IV of Portugal becomes king.

    • December 1, 1641 Mass becomes first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery

    • December 1, 1750 "First American school to offer manual training courses opens, Md"

    • December 1, 1768 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromy in Norway.

    • December 1, 1783 "Charles and M.N. Roberts ascend 2,000' in a hydrogen balloon"

    • December 1, 1787 "The first lighthouse, built at Kinnaird Head, Fraserburgh, by Thomas Smith and Robert Stevenson, lit."

    • December 1, 1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain

    • December 1, 1821 The first constitution of Costa Rica is issued.

    • December 1, 1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

    • December 1, 1822 Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil.

    • December 1, 1824 "House of Reps begins to end election deadlock between JQ Adams, Jackson, WH Crawford & H Clay - Adams eventually declared president"

    • December 1, 1824 "U.S. presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task to decide the winner (as stipulated by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution)."

    • December 1, 1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather

    • December 1, 1835 Hans Christian Andersen publishes first book of fairy tales

    • December 1, 1838 Van Diemen's Land gets its first library to boost morale.

    • December 1, 1842 "Midshipman Philip Spencer, son of Secretary of War John C. Spencer, is hanged for mutiny from the yardarm of the U.S.S. Somers, a small brig of war at sea in West Indian waters. He was convicted at a court-martial held on the ship of conspiring to organize a mutiny, murder the officers, and convert the captured ship into a pirate vessel"

    • December 1, 1854 "Armed Diggers prepare for confrontation with troops on Eureka Hill, Victcoria."

    • December 1, 1860 Charles Dickens publishes the first installment of Great Expectations in his magazine All the Year Round.

    • December 1, 1864 "Fire in Brisbane destroys city area bounded by Queen, George, Elizabeth and Albert streets."

    • December 1, 1864 In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.

    • December 1, 1867 Johannes Brahms presents his Ein deutsches Requiem in Austria.

    • December 1, 1878 First White House telephone installed

    • December 1, 1884 "American Old West - Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy."

    • December 1, 1887 "Sherlock Holmes first appears in print: ""A Study In Scarlet"""

    • December 1, 1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao

    • December 1, 1896 "The First certified public accountants receive certificates, New York"

    • December 1, 1909 "The First Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa"

    • December 1, 1913 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)

    • December 1, 1913 "Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan war, is annexed by Greece."

    • December 1, 1913 Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.

    • December 1, 1913 The First drive-up gasoline station opens (Pittsburgh)

    • December 1, 1917 Father Edward Flanagan founded Boys Town

    • December 1, 1918 "Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom."

    • December 1, 1918 Iceland becomes independent state under the Danish crown

    • December 1, 1918 "The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed."

    • December 1, 1918 "Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28)."

    • December 1, 1919 Lady Astor becomes first female member of the British Parliament to take her seat (she had been elected to that position on November 28).

    • December 1, 1919 Lady Astor sworn-in as first female member of British Parliament

    • December 1, 1921 "The Detroit Steam Motors Corporation announced the Trask steam car, a favorite project of automobile distributor O.C. Trask."

    • December 1, 1921 The First US helium-filled dirigible makes first flight

    • December 1, 1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency

    • December 1, 1924 Calles becomes president of Mexico

    • December 1, 1925 "World War I aftermath: - The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements."

    • December 1, 1929 BINGO invented by Edwin S Lowe

    • December 1, 1930 Ruth Nichols becomes first woman pilot to cross the continent

    • December 1, 1933 Hitler declares legal unity of German state and Nazi party.

    • December 1, 1934 "In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolayev."

    • December 1, 1935 Woody Allen (Allen Konigsberg) was born this day

    • December 1, 1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use

    • December 1, 1936 EW Brundin and FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

    • December 1, 1936 Lou Rawls (Louis Allen) was born this day

    • December 1, 1938 A fine of One Billion Marks is levied against German Jews for the destruction caused during Kristallnacht.

    • December 1, 1938 School bus and train collide in Salt Lake City Utah

    • December 1, 1939 Lee Trevino golfer was born this day

    • December 1, 1940 Richard Pryor actor was born this day

    • December 1, 1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes

    • December 1, 1941 "World War II: Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signed Administrative Order 9 creating the Civil Air Patrol."

    • December 1, 1945 Bette Midler actress was born this day

    • December 1, 1947 "Marine Helicopter Experimental Squadron, HMX-1, was established at MCAS Quantico,its mission was to develop techniques and tactics for the various uses of helicopters in amphibious operations."

    • December 1, 1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds

    • December 1, 1952 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.

    • December 1, 1955 "American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott."

    • December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to back of the bus

    • December 1, 1955 The first remote-control railroad passenger car went into service on this day

    • December 1, 1958 Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (Nat'l Day)

    • December 1, 1958 "Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students and 3 nuns (Chic)"

    • December 1, 1958 "Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago, Illinois kills 92 children and three nuns."

    • December 1, 1959 12 nations sign a treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica

    • December 1, 1959 "Cold War: Antarctic Treaty signed , which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on that continent."

    • December 1, 1959 The First color photograph of Earth from outer space

    • December 1, 1960 Carol Alt supermodel was born this day

    • December 1, 1961 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.

    • December 1, 1962 "Grey Cup halted by fog, resumed next day (Winnipeg 28, Hamilton 27)"

    • December 1, 1963 Nagaland becomes a state of the Indian union

    • December 1, 1963 Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India.

    • December 1, 1963 "Wendell Scott took first place in the Grand National race in Jacksonville, Florida, becoming the first black driver ever to win a NASCAR event."

    • December 1, 1964 Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.

    • December 1, 1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began

    • December 1, 1965 The Border Security Force is formed in India as a special force to guard the borders.

    • December 1, 1966 Number one hit on UK music charts - Tom Jones - Green Green Grass Of Home

    • December 1, 1967 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope

    • December 1, 1967 Wilt Chamberlain set NBA record of 22 free throws misses

    • December 1, 1968 Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting

    • December 1, 1969 US government holds its first draft lottery since WW II

    • December 1, 1969 Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.

    • December 1, 1970 Independent People's Republic of South Yemen becomes the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

    • December 1, 1971 "Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray."

    • December 1, 1971 Indian Army occupies part of Kashmir.

    • December 1, 1971 "John and Yoko release ""Happy Xmas (War is Over)"" in US"

    • December 1, 1973 Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea

    • December 1, 1973 Papua New Guinea gains self government from Australia.

    • December 1, 1974 Los Angeles Skid Row slasher kills first of 8

    • December 1, 1974 "TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport killing all 92 people on-board."

    • December 1, 1978 President Carter more than doubles national park system size

    • December 1, 1980 US Justice Department sues Yonkers citing racial discrimination

    • December 1, 1981 180 dies as Yugoslav DC-9 jetliner slams into a mountain

    • December 1, 1981 A Yugoslavian Inex Adria Aviopromet DC-9 crashes in Corsica killing 178.

    • December 1, 1982 "At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart."

    • December 1, 1982 Michael Jackson releases his second solo album Thriller which became the biggest selling album of all time.

    • December 1, 1982 Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as President of Mexico

    • December 1, 1983 "Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury"

    • December 1, 1984 Number one hit on UK music charts - Jim Diamond - I Should Have Known Better

    • December 1, 1987 Digging begins to link England and France under the English Channel

    • December 1, 1987 NASA announces the names of four companies who were awarded contracts to help build Space Station Freedom.

    • December 1, 1988 "596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless"

    • December 1, 1988 Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.

    • December 1, 1988 Benazir Bhutto named first female PM of a Moslem country (Pakistan)

    • December 1, 1988 NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics

    • December 1, 1989 """Day Without Art""-Artists demonstrate against AIDS"

    • December 1, 1989 Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the communist party the leading role in the state.

    • December 1, 1989 East Germany drops the communist monopoly from its constitution

    • December 1, 1989 Right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed forces Movement (RAM) attempt to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino by a bloody coup attempt.

    • December 1, 1989 USSR President Mikhail S Gorbachev meets Pope John Paul II at the Vatican

    • December 1, 1990 Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 meters beneath the seabed.

    • December 1, 1990 "Engineers digging a rail tunnel under the English Channel link up between England and France at a point forty meters beneath the seabed, and the island of Britain is connected with the European mainland for the first time since the Ice Age"

    • December 1, 1990 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks

    • December 1, 1990 "Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia hold their first joint session"

    • December 1, 1990 Number one hit on UK music charts - Vanilla Ice - Ice Ice Baby

    • December 1, 1991 Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.

    • December 1, 1991 Ukranian people vote for independence

    • December 1, 1991 "US 75th manned space mission ""STS 44"" Atlantis 10 lands"

    • December 1, 1994 Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Len is the new President of Mexico.

    • December 1, 1994 "the Soci‚t‚ des chemins de fer du Qu‚bec commences operation over the former CN line from Limoilou to Clermont, Qu‚bec."

    • December 1, 1995 "Michael Monus, the former president of the Phar-Mor drug store chain, was found guilty of embezzling roughly $1 billion from the company."

    • December 1, 1996 "A volcano erupts in eastern Zaire, spewing a plume of ash and lava into the air"

    • December 1, 1996 "Chemin de fer Baie des Chaleurs, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Quebec Railway Corporation, commences operation over the former CN line beween Matapedia and Chandler, Que."

    • December 1, 1996 "In a move that led to a public-relations disaster, America Online shifted to a flat $19.95-per-month fee for unlimited access"

    • December 1, 1997 "Three students were shot and killed at Heath High School, West Paducah, Kentucky."

    • December 1, 1998 "Exxon announces a US$73.7 billion deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the largest company on the planet."

    • December 1, 1998 "St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (Quebec) commences operation over the CN Sherbrooke subdivision between St. Rosalie, QC and Norton, VT."

    • December 1, 2000 "Vicente Fox is sworn-in as President of Mexico, ending the 75 year control of the PRI."

    • December 1, 2001 "Trans World Airlines flies its last flight, after being bought by American Airlines."

    • December 1, 2006 Felipe Caldern is sworn-in as President of Mexico.

    • December 1, 2009 "In a major policy speech, South African President Jacob Zuma announces the country will treat all HIV positive babies and expand testing."

    • December 1, 2009 "Maurice Clemmons, suspect in the Lakewood police officer shootings, is shot dead by police in Seattle."

    • December 1, 2009 North Korea raises the value of its currency for the first time in 17 years.

    • December 1, 2009 Porfirio Lobo Sosa is elected President of Honduras. Turnout increases dramatically despite ousted former President Manuel Zelaya's plea for a boycott.

    • December 1, 2009 The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enters into force.

    • December 1, 2009 "The European Court of Justice acquires general jurisdiction to give preliminary rulings in the area of freedom, security and justice."

    • December 1, 2009 The European Union now has legal personality and has acquired the competences previously conferred on the European Community. Community law therefore becomes European Union law.

    • December 1, 2009 "The first EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, officially takes office."

    • December 1, 2009 "The first permanent President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, officially takes office."

    • December 1, 2009 The International Court of Justice begins hearings into the legality of the Kosovan declaration of independence from Serbia.

    • December 1, 2009 The Treaty of Lisbon enters into force:

    • December 1, 2009 "The UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office says efforts are continuing to secure the release of sailors captured by the Iranian Navy on November 25, while Iran warns it will deal with them seriously if it exposes ""malicious intent""."

    • December 1, 2009 Tony Abbott becomes the leader of the Federal Liberal Party of Australia and Leader of the Opposition defeating Malcolm Turnbull by 42 votes to 41 following a party revolt over its position on the Rudd government's Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme.

    • December 1, 2009 "U.S. golfer Tiger Woods announces that he will not be attending his own charity golf tournament, the Chevron World Challenge, or any other tournaments in 2009."

    • December 1, 2009 "U.S. President Barack Obama announces that he will send 30,000 extra American troops to Afghanistan within the next six months and start withdrawal in 19 months."







What happened on December 1 - What happened on my birthday. Today in History. Dates In history

 
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