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    See what makes July 1 special at Famous Daily.
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    What happened on July 1

    • July 1, 0251 The battle of Abrittus is won by Goths against Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.

    • July 1, 1097 Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army under Qilich Arslan I.

    • July 1, 1520 La Noche Triste: Joint Mexican Indian force led by Aztecs under Cuitlhuac defeat Spanish Conquistadors under Hernn Corts.

    • July 1, 1535 Sir Thomas More went on trial in England charged with treason

    • July 1, 1569 "Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland (Polish Crown) and Great Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union, the united country is called the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations."

    • July 1, 1690 "Army of England's Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (Now celebrated on July 12 as ""The Battle of the Orange"" )"

    • July 1, 1690 Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian calendar.

    • July 1, 1776 First vote on the Declaration of Independence

    • July 1, 1782 "American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia."

    • July 1, 1795 John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court

    • July 1, 1816 "French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of G?ricault's ""Raft of the Medusa"""

    • July 1, 1823 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico

    • July 1, 1847 Amateur astronomer M Hencke discovers 2nd asteroid Hebe

    • July 1, 1847 K L Hencke discovers asteroid #6 Hebe

    • July 1, 1847 "US postage stamps go on sale, 5. Franklin & 10. Washington, NYC"

    • July 1, 1850 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay

    • July 1, 1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

    • July 1, 1859 Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis

    • July 1, 1861 "First public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF"

    • July 1, 1862 Day 7 of the 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill

    • July 1, 1862 Russian State Library is founded.

    • July 1, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg begins ending Juy 3

    • July 1, 1863 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3./Β® oz

    • July 1, 1867 Dominion of Canada Created by British Parliament

    • July 1, 1867 "The British North America Act, 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation; John A. Macdonald sworn as first Prime Minister."

    • July 1, 1870 James W Smith of SC is first black to enter West Point

    • July 1, 1873 Henry Flipper of Ga is 2nd black to enter West Point

    • July 1, 1873 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province

    • July 1, 1873 Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.

    • July 1, 1874 "First US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000"

    • July 1, 1875 Universal Postal Union established

    • July 1, 1876 "Through rail travel between Halifax, Quebec and the rest of the Canadian rail system is made possible."

    • July 1, 1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.

    • July 1, 1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.

    • July 1, 1881 "First international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB"

    • July 1, 1881 "General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, came into effect."

    • July 1, 1881 "World's first international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States."

    • July 1, 1885 United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

    • July 1, 1889 Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

    • July 1, 1890 Anglo-German disputes in East Africa are resolved

    • July 1, 1890 Canada and Bermuda linked by telegraph cable.

    • July 1, 1892 "The Homestead Strike, a strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers against the Carnegie Steel Company, begins."

    • July 1, 1897 The Bronx acquires Hutton Square

    • July 1, 1898 Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

    • July 1, 1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels

    • July 1, 1899 "SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building"

    • July 1, 1904 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis

    • July 1, 1910 Chicago's Comiskey Park opens

    • July 1, 1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion

    • July 1, 1911 Formation of Royal Australian Navy (RAN)

    • July 1, 1914 "Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company, Vancouver Island"

    • July 1, 1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service

    • July 1, 1916 Eisenhower marries Mary `Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver Colo

    • July 1, 1916 "First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 20,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded."

    • July 1, 1917 Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)

    • July 1, 1919 First class postage drops from 3. to 2.

    • July 1, 1921 Communist Party of China was founded.

    • July 1, 1924 "Regular transcontinental airmail service established, NYC-SF"

    • July 1, 1925 Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK

    • July 1, 1931 Ice vending machines introduced in LA

    • July 1, 1932 NY Gov FDR nominated for president at the Dem Convention in Chicago

    • July 1, 1933 Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.

    • July 1, 1934 "First x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY"

    • July 1, 1935 "Regina, Saskatchewan police and Royal Canadian Mounted Police ambush strikers participating in On-to-Ottawa-Trek."

    • July 1, 1941 Bulova Watch Co. pays $9 for first ever network TV commercial

    • July 1, 1941 "TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC"

    • July 1, 1942 Australian Federal Govt becomes sole collector of Income Tax (State Income Tax Abolished).

    • July 1, 1942 World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.

    • July 1, 1943 MacArthur starts the Allied offensive in the Pacific; New Guinea Isles War.

    • July 1, 1943 "Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture and was dissolved. Since then, no city in Japan has had the name ""Tokyo."" (Present-day Tokyo is not a city.)"

    • July 1, 1943 Withholding tax from paychecks starts

    • July 1, 1944 "Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank"

    • July 1, 1945 Troops of the 7th Division land at Balikpapan in south-east Borneo

    • July 1, 1946 Rajah cedes Sarawak to the British crown

    • July 1, 1946 US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)

    • July 1, 1947 British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office

    • July 1, 1947 British parliament passed India independence act. According to this took a decision for giving independence to India on August 15.

    • July 1, 1948 "NYC subway fare goes to 10., bus fare to 7. & combo fare at 12."

    • July 1, 1948 "Quaid-i-Azam inaugrates Pakistan's central bank, the State Bank of Pakistan."

    • July 1, 1949 Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France

    • July 1, 1949 "Canadian Pacific accepts its last new steam locomotive (in March) class T-l-c 2-10-4 no. 5935 from Montreal Locomotive Works, and acquires its first road diesel-electric locomotives nos. 8400-8404 (in September) for conversion of motive power on the Montreal-Newport-Wells River line."

    • July 1, 1950 "NYC bus fare rises to 10. equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15."

    • July 1, 1952 "Actor Dan Akroyd (Ghostbusters, Saturday Night Live) was born."

    • July 1, 1955 "The escort carrier uss Thetis Bay, in process of conversion to the new mission, was reclassified as an assault Helicopter Aircraft Carrier and redesignated CVHA 1."

    • July 1, 1956 Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on The Steve Allen Show

    • July 1, 1957 "The International Geophysical Year begins (until December 31, 1958)."

    • July 1, 1958 Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway begins.

    • July 1, 1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.

    • July 1, 1959 World Refugee Year begins

    • July 1, 1960 Ghana becomes a republic

    • July 1, 1960 Ghana becomes a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be the Head of state.

    • July 1, 1960 Independence of Somalia.

    • July 1, 1960 "Italian Somalia gains independence, unites with Somali Republic"

    • July 1, 1961 Haleakala National Park established in Hawaii

    • July 1, 1962 Burundi & Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)

    • July 1, 1962 Independence of Burundi.

    • July 1, 1962 Independence of Rwanda.

    • July 1, 1963 "Beatles record ""She Loves You"" & ""I'll Get You"""

    • July 1, 1963 The British Government admits that former diplomat Kim Philby had worked as a Soviet agent.

    • July 1, 1963 US postal service institutes the (Zone Improvement Plan) zip code

    • July 1, 1963 ZIP Codes are introduced for United States mail.

    • July 1, 1966 Construction crews begin tearing up Market St to build BART

    • July 1, 1966 "First colour television transmission in Canada, from Toronto."

    • July 1, 1966 Medicare goes into effect

    • July 1, 1967 "Beatles' ""Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band,"" goes #1 for 15 weeks"

    • July 1, 1967 "Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867."

    • July 1, 1968 Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL-CIO.

    • July 1, 1968 John Lennon's first full art exhibition (You are Here)

    • July 1, 1968 The CIA's Phoenix Program is officially established.

    • July 1, 1968 "The Nuclear non-proliferation treaty signed by about sixty countries in Geneva, Switzerland."

    • July 1, 1968 "US, Britain, USSR & 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty"

    • July 1, 1969 Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales

    • July 1, 1969 John & Yoko are hospitilized after a car crash

    • July 1, 1970 President General Yahya Khan abolished One-Unit of West Pakistan restoring the provinces.

    • July 1, 1971 Golden Gate Bridge paid for but toll is still being collected

    • July 1, 1972 "Andreas Baader, Jan-Carl Raspe and Holger Meins of the Red Army Faction are captured in Frankfurt after a shootout with the police."

    • July 1, 1972 First Gay Pride march in England

    • July 1, 1972 Ms. magazine begins publishing

    • July 1, 1972 Number one hit on UK music charts - Slade - Take Me Back 'Ome

    • July 1, 1973 "First US-China basketball game, US collegiates beats Shanghai 96-61"

    • July 1, 1974 Monmouthshire renamed Gwent & becomes part of Wales

    • July 1, 1974 "Singer/songwriter Alanis Morissette (""You Oughta Know"") was born today in Ottawa, Canada. Alanis picked up four Grammys in 1995 for songs related to the Jagged Little Pill album. Another came her way in 1997 from the video for Jagged Little Pill Live. She also performed at the 1999 Grammys and won more awards."

    • July 1, 1975 "All U.S. naval gunfire training activities at the Puerto Rican island of Culebra were terminated through a joint Washington-San Juan agreement, ending a controversy that had dragged on for years"

    • July 1, 1976 "Kenneth Gibson, is first black president of US Conference of Mayors"

    • July 1, 1976 Portugal granted autonomy to Madeira.

    • July 1, 1977 "Actor Liv Tyler (Armageddon) was born today in New York, NY. Her father is Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler. Mom is Playboy Playmate Bebe Buell."

    • July 1, 1977 Virginia Wade beats Betty Stove for Wimbeldon's woman's singles

    • July 1, 1978 Former Pres Nixon makes first public speech since resigning in 1974

    • July 1, 1978 Northern Territory (Aus) granted Self-Government.

    • July 1, 1978 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing

    • July 1, 1979 Sony introduces the Walkman.

    • July 1, 1979 "Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6"" of snow"

    • July 1, 1980 O Canada officially becomes the national anthem of Canada.

    • July 1, 1981 "Laurel Canyon Calif murders (4 die, 1 wounded)"

    • July 1, 1981 Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3

    • July 1, 1982 "2,100 Unification church couples wed in NYC"

    • July 1, 1982 Challenger moves overland to Dryden

    • July 1, 1982 "Kosmos 1383, first search & rescue satellite, launched"

    • July 1, 1982 Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at NY MSG

    • July 1, 1983 "A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djall Mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board."

    • July 1, 1984 The PG-13 rating is introduced by the MPAA.

    • July 1, 1987 American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station

    • July 1, 1988 "Bologna, Italy: Quartetto Cetra's last concert after over forty years' musical career."

    • July 1, 1989 Hugh Hefner (Playboy editor) weds playmate Kimberly Conrad

    • July 1, 1989 NFL owners vote unanimously to form the WLAF

    • July 1, 1990 "East Germany accepts the Deutsche Mark as its currency, thus uniting the economies of East and West Germany."

    • July 1, 1990 "In Victoria, Australia, helmetless bike riding becomes illegal"

    • July 1, 1991 The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague

    • July 1, 1997 China regains sovereignty of Hong Kong

    • July 1, 1997 The written Theory test becomes a compulsory part of Driving License Examinations in Great Britain

    • July 1, 2000 "The Oresund Bridge, connecting Sweden and Denmark, opens for traffic."

    • July 1, 2000 Vermont's civil unions law goes into effect.

    • July 1, 2002 "A Bashkirian Airlines (flight 2937) Tupolev TU-154 and a DHL (German cargo) Boeing 757 collide in mid-air over Ueberlingen, southern Germany, killing 71."

    • July 1, 2002 "The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression."

    • July 1, 2004 Saturn Orbit insertion of Cassini-Huygens begins at 01:12 UT and ends at 02:48 UT.

    • July 1, 2005 Revaluation of the Romanian Leu.

    • July 1, 2006 The first operation of Qinghai-Tibet Railway in the People's Republic of China.

    • July 1, 2007 "Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces. With the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK."







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