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    What happened on July 3

    • July 3, 0324 "Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium."

    • July 3, 0987 "Hugh Capet was crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty which ruled France till the French Revolution in 1792."

    • July 3, 1250 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.

    • July 3, 1608 City of Québec founded by Samuel de Champlain

    • July 3, 1608 Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain.

    • July 3, 1754 "George Washington surrenders to French, Ft Necessity (7 Years' War)"

    • July 3, 1767 "Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date)."

    • July 3, 1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.

    • July 3, 1775 "Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass"

    • July 3, 1778 "British forces massacre 360 men, women & children in Wyoming, Pa"

    • July 3, 1778 Prussia declares war on Austria.

    • July 3, 1806 Michael Keens exhibits first cultivated strawberry

    • July 3, 1814 "Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada"

    • July 3, 1816 "French frigate ""Medusa"" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross incompetence kills 150 in calm seas"

    • July 3, 1819 "The first bank in the U.S. opened in New York City. Business was brisk with $2,807 deposited in the Bank for Savings."

    • July 3, 1819 The first savings bank in the United States (The Bank of Savings in New York City) opens.

    • July 3, 1839 "The first state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students"

    • July 3, 1841 John Couch Adams decides to determine the position of an unknown planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus

    • July 3, 1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed.

    • July 3, 1848 Slaves are freed in the Danish West Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands) by Peter von Scholten.

    • July 3, 1848 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)

    • July 3, 1849 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.

    • July 3, 1861 Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY

    • July 3, 1863 "Battle of Gettysburg Pa ends, major victory for North"

    • July 3, 1863 U.S. Civil War: The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg culminates with Pickett's Charge.

    • July 3, 1866 "Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Kniggratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria."

    • July 3, 1871 The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad Company introduced the first narrow-gauge locomotive. It was called the "Montezuma".

    • July 3, 1878 "John Wise of Lancaster, PA was the pilot for the maiden flight of a dirigible."

    • July 3, 1884 Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.

    • July 3, 1886 The first NY Tribune printing using first commercial linotype machine

    • July 3, 1886 "The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand."

    • July 3, 1890 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state

    • July 3, 1890 Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.

    • July 3, 1897 "G. A. Lancaster files claim on Eldorado Creek, Yukon, later known as Gold Hill."

    • July 3, 1898 "Joshua Slocum 1844-1909, from Briar Island, Nova Scotia, becomes the first person to complete a solo circumnavigation of the earth."

    • July 3, 1898 "Spanish fleet, led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, destroyed by the U.S. Navy in Santiago, Cuba during the Spanish-American War."

    • July 3, 1898 "US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba"

    • July 3, 1901 "In Calgary Alberta, W.F. (Billy) Cochrane drives first automobile in Calgary; a steam-powered Locomobile, steered by a tiller rather than a wheel."

    • July 3, 1904 "First run of the Ocean Limited passenger train between Montreal, Que. and Halifax. N.S. This is the longest running train in Canada having operated continuously over the same 840 mile route."

    • July 3, 1909 "Cobalt Ontario a forest fire in Porcupine District leaves one-third of Cobalt's 6,000 residents homeless."

    • July 3, 1913 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird confirmed to have crossed the Atlantic

    • July 3, 1915 "US military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934"

    • July 3, 1916 The first of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)

    • July 3, 1920 "Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England"

    • July 3, 1928 First color television broadcast in London.

    • July 3, 1930 Veterans Administration created

    • July 3, 1932 John McGraw retires from baseball

    • July 3, 1934 "FDIC pays off first insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL"

    • July 3, 1937 "Del Mar race track opened in sunny Del Mar, California."

    • July 3, 1938 "World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.(203 km/h)"

    • July 3, 1939 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800-kph rocket plane to Hitler

    • July 3, 1939 "Lou Gehrig day; Gehrig makes ""luckiest man"" speech"

    • July 3, 1940 British Royal Navy sinks French fleet in North Africa

    • July 3, 1940 The legendary comedy team of Bud Abbott and Lou Costello debuted with their network radio show on NBC

    • July 3, 1944 "Goose Bay Newfoundland, the temperature hits 37.8 C; Labrador's hottest day on record."

    • July 3, 1944 World War II: Minsk was liberated from Nazi control by Soviet troops during Operation Bagration.

    • July 3, 1945 "The first civilian passenger car built since February 1942 was driven off the assembly line at the Ford Motor Company plant in Detroit, MI. Automotive production had been diverted to military production for the war (WWII) effort."

    • July 3, 1947 "252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC"

    • July 3, 1950 First time US & North Korean forces clash in the Korean War

    • July 3, 1952 Puerto Rico's Constitution is approved by the Congress of the United States.

    • July 3, 1958 """The Andy Williams Show"" premiers on ABC (later on CBS & NBC)"

    • July 3, 1962 Algerian Revolution against French ends (Algeria gains ind on 7/5)

    • July 3, 1962 The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.

    • July 3, 1966 Race riots in Omaha Nebraska

    • July 3, 1967 """News at 10"" premieres on English TV"

    • July 3, 1968 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Equals - Baby Come Back

    • July 3, 1969 "78,000 attend Newport Jazz Festival, Newport, RI"

    • July 3, 1969 Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones drowns at 25

    • July 3, 1970 "200,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival"

    • July 3, 1970 "A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people."

    • July 3, 1971 "Jim Morrison rocker (Doors), dies of heart failure in France"

    • July 3, 1974 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3

    • July 3, 1976 "103 hostages were rescued by an Israeli commando unit in a raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda. 106 hostages had been taken from a hijacked Air France airliner on its way to Paris from Tel Aviv. Seven pro-Palestinian guerrilla hijackers, 20 Ugandan soldiers and 3 hostages were killed in the raid."

    • July 3, 1976 Israel launches rescue of 103 Air France crew & passengers being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers

    • July 3, 1976 "Israeli commandos rescue 105 hostages at Entebbe Airport, Uganda during Operation Yonatan."

    • July 3, 1977 The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded.

    • July 3, 1978 "James Daly actor (Medical Center), dies at 59"

    • July 3, 1980 "73,096 in Cleveland watch Indians beat Yankees 7-0"

    • July 3, 1981 "Ross Martin actor (Mr Lucky, Wild Wild West), dies at 61"

    • July 3, 1982 Martina Navratilova defeats Chris Evert Lloyd at Wimbeldon

    • July 3, 1982 Number one hit on UK music charts - Captain Sensible - Happy Talk

    • July 3, 1982 "Pete Rose of the Philadelphia Phillies connected for hit #3,786. It moved Rose into second place in the career-hits column"

    • July 3, 1983 Calvin Smith of US becomes fastest man alive (9.93 s for 100 m)

    • July 3, 1983 In Costa Rica a 6.7 earthquake resulted in two people killed and approximately 60 injured. Considerable damage to buildings

    • July 3, 1983 John McEnroe regains men's singles title at Wimbledon

    • July 3, 1984 Supreme Court rules Jaycees may be forced to admit women as members

    • July 3, 1985 CBS announces a 21% stock buy-back to thwart Ted Turner's takeover

    • July 3, 1985 "In the New Britian Region a 7.4 quake damage (VII), landslides and ground cracks on New Ireland and in the Rabaul area, New Britain. A 1.3-meter tsunami was observed in Rabaul's harbor"

    • July 3, 1986 Pres Reagan presided over relighting of renovated Statue of Liberty

    • July 3, 1986 "Rudy Vallee singer (Vagabond Dreams), dies at 84"

    • July 3, 1986 US President Ronald Reagan presides over the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty.

    • July 3, 1987 2 men became first hot-air balloon travelers to cross Atlantic

    • July 3, 1987 NY Met Darryl Strawberry threatens teammates Wally Backman & Lee Mazzilli for criticizing his play

    • July 3, 1988 "Gabe Dell actor, dies at 68 of leukemia"

    • July 3, 1988 "The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus."

    • July 3, 1988 "United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard."

    • July 3, 1988 "US Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290"

    • July 3, 1989 "Andrei Gromyko Soviet diplomat, dies just short of his 80th birthday"

    • July 3, 1989 Fitzgerald Inquiry released in Queensland.

    • July 3, 1989 "Jim Backus actor (Magoo, Gilligan's Island), dies at 76 of pneumonia"

    • July 3, 1989 Peter Koech of Kenya sets 3k steeplechase rec (8:05.39) in Stockholm

    • July 3, 1989 Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions

    • July 3, 1989 "The movie ""Batman,"" set record of quickest $100 million (10 days)"

    • July 3, 1991 Donald Trump gives Marla Maples a 7.45 karat diamond ring

    • July 3, 1994 "The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes."

    • July 3, 2001 "A Vladivostok Avia Tupolev TU-154 jetliner crashes on approach to landing at Irkutsk, Russia killing 145 people."

    • July 3, 2002 Warcraft 3 released by Blizzard Entertainment

    • July 3, 2004 Official opening of Bangkok's subway system.

    • July 3, 2005 The national law legalizing same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.

    • July 3, 2006 "Asteroid labeled as 2004 XP14 flies 432,308 km (268,624 miles) by Earth."

    • July 3, 2007 Ghana introduces new Ghanaian cedi currency.







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