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    What happened on July 5

    • July 5, 1054 "A minor star in the constellation Taurus explodes July 5 in a supernova that is visible by daylight for 23 days and remains visible at night for another 633 days, an event recorded by pictographs in China and in the Western Hemisphere
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    • July 5, 1295 "Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England."

    • July 5, 1610 John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.

    • July 5, 1643 "First recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)"

    • July 5, 1687 Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

    • July 5, 1687 Isaac Newton's PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England

    • July 5, 1758 "Lake George New York, General James Abercromby leaves the ruins of Fort William Henry at the head of Lake George to attack the French at Fort Carillon; army of 6,000 British regulars, and almost 9000 provincials from New England, New York and New Jersey, embarks in hundreds of batteaux and whale boats."

    • July 5, 1770 Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

    • July 5, 1775 US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.

    • July 5, 1791 "Jos? Mar­a Narv ez discovers Point Grey, now in Vancouver, BC"

    • July 5, 1803 The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).

    • July 5, 1808 Battle of Buenos Aires

    • July 5, 1809 "Battle of Wagram starts, the two-day battle was the largest yet of the Napoleonic Wars."

    • July 5, 1809 Napoleon annexes the Papal States Pope Pius VII is taken prisoner July 5 and will remain in custody until 1814


    • July 5, 1809 "The Battle of Wagram ends in victory for the French but at a terrible cost: 23,000 French soldiers killed or wounded, 7,000 missing out of a 181,700-man army that includes 29,000 cavalrymen, while the Austrian army of 181,700 (4,600 cavalrymen) is forced to retreat after losing 19,110 killed or wounded, 6,740 missing
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    • July 5, 1811 Venezuela declares independence from Spain.

    • July 5, 1811 "Venezuela, first South American country to gain independence from Spain"

    • July 5, 1813 "War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin."

    • July 5, 1822 Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales is formed.

    • July 5, 1830 "France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest"

    • July 5, 1833 Admiral Charles Napier defeats the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.

    • July 5, 1834 Provisional government established in Oregon Country

    • July 5, 1841 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency

    • July 5, 1843 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil govt in Oregon Country

    • July 5, 1859 Capt NC Brooks discovers Midway Islands

    • July 5, 1861 "Engagement at Carthage, Missouri"

    • July 5, 1865 "The Salvation Army is founded in the East End of London, England."

    • July 5, 1865 The world's first maximum speed law is enacted in England.

    • July 5, 1865 William Booth founded Salvation Army in London

    • July 5, 1878 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.

    • July 5, 1884 Germany takes possession of Cameroon.

    • July 5, 1891 "Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD"

    • July 5, 1900 Sgt. Arthur H.L. Richardson (Cdn.) (Strathcona's Horse) wins the Vicotria Cross at Wolve Spruit South Africa

    • July 5, 1919 Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his first of 72 times

    • July 5, 1929 A Deutsch discovers asteroid #1148 Rarahu

    • July 5, 1930 "Daredevil George Stathakis dies in a plunge over Niagara Falls in a barrel, but his turtle survives."

    • July 5, 1932 Oliveira Salazar becomes dictator of fascist Portugal

    • July 5, 1934 """Bloody Thursday"" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco."

    • July 5, 1935 First Hawaii Calls radio program is broadcast

    • July 5, 1935 Pres Franklin Roosevelt signs the National Labor Relations Act

    • July 5, 1935 "The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt."

    • July 5, 1936 "120? F (49? C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)"

    • July 5, 1937 "117? F (47? C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)"

    • July 5, 1937 "Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45 C."

    • July 5, 1937 Joe DiMaggio's first grand slammer

    • July 5, 1937 "Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation."

    • July 5, 1937 "Yellow Grass Saskatchewan, the temperature at Yellow Grass reaches 45C, the highest temperature ever recorded in Canada, 110F+."

    • July 5, 1940 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain & Vichy govt in France

    • July 5, 1940 "HMS WHIRLWIND, sunk in the North Atlantic 120 miles west of Lands End, south west England 1 torpedo from German U-34."

    • July 5, 1942 "Port Hope Ontario, Ian Fleming the first graduate of the Special 25 training school for spies; later member of MI5, creator of James Bond novels."

    • July 5, 1943 "The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, starts with a German tank attack on Soviet forces."

    • July 5, 1943 "World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily (Operation Husky, July 10, 1943)."

    • July 5, 1944 "Harry Crosby takes first rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight"

    • July 5, 1945 Australian Prime Minister John Curtin dies in office

    • July 5, 1945 Death of Prime Minister John Curtin

    • July 5, 1946 Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show

    • July 5, 1946 "The bikini is introduced in Paris, France."

    • July 5, 1947 "Larry Doby signs a contract with the Cleveland Indians baseball team, becoming the first black player in the American League. (Jackie Robinson had broken the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National League 11 weeks earlier.)"

    • July 5, 1948 Britain's National Health Service Act begins

    • July 5, 1948 British National Health Service Act enacted.

    • July 5, 1950 "Esquimalt BC Royal Canadian Navy destroyers HMCS Cayuga, Athabaskan, and Sioux leave Esquimalt for Pearl Harbor escorted by cruiser Ontario; to come under UN control during Korean War."

    • July 5, 1950 Korean War: Task Force Smith - First clash between American and North Korean forces.

    • July 5, 1950 "Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel"

    • July 5, 1950 Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.

    • July 5, 1951 "Junction transistor invention announced, Murray Hill, NJ"

    • July 5, 1951 William Shockley invents the junction transistor.

    • July 5, 1954 Andhra Pradesh High Court is established.

    • July 5, 1954 Elvis Presley has his first commercial recording session. He sang That's All Right (Mama) and Blue Moon of Kentucky. Widely considered to be the birth of Rock and Roll.

    • July 5, 1954 The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.

    • July 5, 1958 "First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest peak on the earth."

    • July 5, 1962 Algeria becomes independent from France.

    • July 5, 1962 Algeria gains independence after 132 years of French rule

    • July 5, 1963 "First Beatle tune to hit US charts, Del Shannon ""From Me to You"" at #87"

    • July 5, 1966 Saturn I rocket launched at Cape Kennedy

    • July 5, 1968 John Lennon sells his psychedelic painted Rolls-Royce

    • July 5, 1969 Rod Laver wins his 4th Wimbeldon championship

    • July 5, 1969 Rolling Stones play a free concert in London's Hyde Park

    • July 5, 1970 Air Canada DC-8 crashes 7 miles from Toronto's airport killing 109

    • July 5, 1970 Air Canada Flight 621 crashes near Toronto International Airport killing 108 people.

    • July 5, 1970 "An Air Canada DC-8 en route from Montreal to Los Angeles makes a heavy landing at Malton AIrport, bounces and loses one starboard engine; in the pilot's attempt to take off and land again the other starboard engine falls off and the aircraft crashes 10 km west of Malton (Pearson International Airport) ; all 109 aboard killed."

    • July 5, 1971 26th amendment certified (reduces voting age to 18)

    • July 5, 1971 "Right to vote: the Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon."

    • July 5, 1973 """Live & Let Die,"" James Bond film premiers"

    • July 5, 1973 "Catastrophic BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills 11 firefighters. This explosion has become a classic incident studied in fire department training programs worldwide."

    • July 5, 1973 Isle of Man begins issuing their own postage stamps

    • July 5, 1975 Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.

    • July 5, 1975 Arthur Ashe wins men's single championship at Wimbeldon

    • July 5, 1975 Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.

    • July 5, 1975 Cape Verde Is gain independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule

    • July 5, 1977 Military coup in Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto the very first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan overthrown.

    • July 5, 1977 "Pakistan's army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power"

    • July 5, 1978 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan

    • July 5, 1982 "An Oklahoma City bank goes into receivership. Its receiver, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., begins paying off $271 million in insured deposits as examiners uncover a morass of bad loans to wildcat drillers and others made by Penn Square, based in a shopping center"

    • July 5, 1982 "NBC's experiment in late-night news programming, NBC News Overnight, debuts."

    • July 5, 1983 In Turkey a 6.1 quake resulted in 5 people killed and 25 injured in the Biga area

    • July 5, 1983 "Woman gives birth to baby 84 days after brain death (Roanoke, VA)"

    • July 5, 1985 "117? F (47? C), St George, Utah (state rec) (103? spread, UT 1985)"

    • July 5, 1985 "Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of the globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min"

    • July 5, 1986 "Nancy Reagan cuts red, white & blue ribbon; reopens Statue of Liberty"

    • July 5, 1987 Australian Pat Cash wins men's singles at Wimbledon

    • July 5, 1987 First instance of the LTTE using suicide attacks on Sri Lankan Army. The Black Tigers are born and in the following years continue to use it to deadly effect.

    • July 5, 1989 "Iran-Contra Affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service."

    • July 5, 1989 Rod Stewart hits his head while on stage & knocks himself out

    • July 5, 1991 Ottawa seizes Bank of Credit and Commerce Canada's assets and closes all four branches; result of international money-laundering investigation.

    • July 5, 1994 "A report of provincial inquiry says Montreal police force poorly supervised, badly trained and racist."

    • July 5, 1998 "Japan launches a probe to Mars, and thus joins the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation."

    • July 5, 2003 SARS is declared to be contained by the WHO.

    • July 5, 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.

    • July 5, 2006 Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting held at the U.N in New York City because of the North Korean missile tests a day before.

    • July 5, 2006 "North Korea launched at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile."







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