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    See what makes July 7 special at Famous Daily.
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    What happened on July 7

    • July 7, 1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.

    • July 7, 1534 "European colonization of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick."

    • July 7, 1543 French troops invade Luxembourg.

    • July 7, 1585 Treaty of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.

    • July 7, 1647 "Thomas Hooker clergyman, father of American democracy, dies"

    • July 7, 1668 "Isaac Newton received an MA from Trinity College, Cambridge."

    • July 7, 1752 Joseph Marie Jacquard born French silk weaver Joseph Marie Jacquard was born. He perfected a loom that used punch cards to program various weaving patterns

    • July 7, 1754 Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)

    • July 7, 1768 "Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel"

    • July 7, 1770 "Russian fleet, with British sailors as officers, defeats Turkish navy at Tchesme, Turkey."

    • July 7, 1798 Quasi-War: The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.'

    • July 7, 1799 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.

    • July 7, 1807 "Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition."

    • July 7, 1813 John Macarthur ships 36 bales of wool from New South Wales to England

    • July 7, 1838 Central American federation is dissolved

    • July 7, 1846 US annexs California

    • July 7, 1862 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land

    • July 7, 1863 The first military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

    • July 7, 1863 United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100

    • July 7, 1865 "4 Lincoln assassination conspirators, including Mary Surratt, hanged"

    • July 7, 1865 "Lewis Paine, David Herold, George Atzerodt, and Mary Surratt were executed for their role in a conspiracy to throw the Union government into turmoil."

    • July 7, 1891 Travelers cheque patented

    • July 7, 1898 History of United States overseas expansion: President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.

    • July 7, 1898 Pres McKinley signs resolution of annexation of Hawaiian Is

    • July 7, 1898 US annexes Hawaii

    • July 7, 1905 "127? F (53? C), Parker Ariz (state record)"

    • July 7, 1908 Great White Fleet leaves SF Bay

    • July 7, 1911 "Dorothea Lambert Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0 in a record 25 minutes for Wimbeldon championship"

    • July 7, 1915 "A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15."

    • July 7, 1915 World War I: End of First Battle of the Isonzo.

    • July 7, 1917 Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II.

    • July 7, 1924 E Hertzsprung discovers asteroid #1702 Kalahari

    • July 7, 1930 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).

    • July 7, 1934 Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbeldon doubles championship

    • July 7, 1937 "Japanese & Chinese troops clash, which will become WW II"

    • July 7, 1937 "Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge - Japanese forces invade Beijing, China."

    • July 7, 1940 Richard Starkey (Ringo Starr) of The Beatles is born in Liverpool England

    • July 7, 1941 Einsatzkommando 3 begins the systematic slaughter of Lithuanian Jewry.

    • July 7, 1941 "Sgt. James Allen Ward, 75 (NZ) Squadron, RAF, won the Victoria Cross over the Zuider See"

    • July 7, 1941 "U.S. Forces Occupy Iceland During World War II, the neutral United States moved closer to war with Germany when U.S. forces landed on Iceland to take over its garrisoning from the British"

    • July 7, 1941 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.

    • July 7, 1944 Horthy stops Hungarian deportations. Captain Rothmund of the Swiss Alien Police modifies on paper severe regulations concerning refoulement (sending back refugees).

    • July 7, 1946 Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.

    • July 7, 1946 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.

    • July 7, 1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident.

    • July 7, 1948 6 female reservists become first women sworn into regular US Navy

    • July 7, 1948 "Cleveland Indians sign Leroy ""Satchel"" Paige"

    • July 7, 1949 """Dragnet"" premiers on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 & 1967"

    • July 7, 1953 "Che Guevara set out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador."

    • July 7, 1954 Formation of the TANU in Tanzania

    • July 7, 1954 T.A.N.U. party founded in Tanzania

    • July 7, 1956 "7 Army trucks loaded with dynamite explode in the middle of Cali, Columbia killing 1,100-1,200, destroyimg 2,000 buildings"

    • July 7, 1956 "Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m)."

    • July 7, 1958 Pres Eisenhower signs Alaska statehood bill

    • July 7, 1959 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.

    • July 7, 1960 Number one hit on UK music charts - Jimmy Jones - Good Timin'

    • July 7, 1960 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea

    • July 7, 1962 "Bill Hartack becomes 8th jockey to win 3,000 horse races"

    • July 7, 1965 "Otis Redding records ""Respect"""

    • July 7, 1966 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Kinks - Sunny Afternoon

    • July 7, 1967 Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.

    • July 7, 1967 "Vivian Leigh Scarlet in Gone with the Wind, dies at 53"

    • July 7, 1968 "Rock group ""The Yardbirds"" disband"

    • July 7, 1969 Canada's House of Commons approves equality of French-English language across the country

    • July 7, 1969 "In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government."

    • July 7, 1970 "Louise Harrison mother of Beatle George, dies"

    • July 7, 1970 "Marjorie Rambeau actress (Primrose Path, Torch Song), dies at 80"

    • July 7, 1970 "Sylvester Wiere comedian (Wiere Brothers-Ford Festival), dies at 60"

    • July 7, 1972 Billie Jean King beats Evonne Goolagong to win Wimbeldon

    • July 7, 1973 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river (India)

    • July 7, 1973 All women board of directors takes control of ABA's Kentucky Colonels

    • July 7, 1973 Balt Orioles pull their 4th triple play (5-4-3 vs Oakland)

    • July 7, 1973 Glenda Reiser (Canada) sets record women's mile (4:34.9)

    • July 7, 1973 Shoelace Park in the Bronx named

    • July 7, 1973 "Veronica Lake actress, dies at 58"

    • July 7, 1974 West Germany beats Neth 2-1 for soccer's 10th World Cup in Munich

    • July 7, 1974 West Germany wins 1974 FIFA World Cup.

    • July 7, 1975 "TV soap opera ""Ryan's Hope"" premieres"

    • July 7, 1976 Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars

    • July 7, 1978 Martina Navratilova captures Wimbledon defeating Chris Evert

    • July 7, 1978 Solomon Is gains independence from Britain (National Day)

    • July 7, 1978 The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.

    • July 7, 1980 Az Judge Sandra Day O'Connor first female nominated to Supreme Court

    • July 7, 1980 Institution of sharia in Iran.

    • July 7, 1980 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours

    • July 7, 1980 "Reginald Gardiner actor (Great Dictator), dies at 77"

    • July 7, 1981 "Ben Plucknett of US throws discus 72.34 m, but throw is disqualified"

    • July 7, 1981 "Keefe Brasselle actor (Be Our Guest), dies at 58"

    • July 7, 1981 "The first solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crosses English Channel"

    • July 7, 1982 "David Moorcroft of UK sets record for 5000 m, 13:00.41"

    • July 7, 1982 "Fred Stuthman actor (Henry Adler-Hello Larry), dies at 63"

    • July 7, 1982 Steve Scott of US runs the mile in a record 3:47.69

    • July 7, 1983 "11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR after being invited for a visit"

    • July 7, 1983 "Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov."

    • July 7, 1984 "Flora Robson actress, dies in her sleep at 82"

    • July 7, 1985 Boris Becker at 17 beats Kevin Curren for Wimbeldon title

    • July 7, 1985 "Boris Becker becomes the first unseeded player, the youngest male (at the time), and the first German to win the Wimbledon tennis singles title, at age of 17 years, 7 months."

    • July 7, 1985 "Patti McCarty actress, dies at 64"

    • July 7, 1986 Supreme Court struck down Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law

    • July 7, 1986 "Two Australians are hanged in Malaysia for drug trafficking, the first Westerners executed under Malaysia's strict drug laws."

    • July 7, 1987 "Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women"

    • July 7, 1987 Lt Col Oliver North began public testimony at Iran-Contra hearing

    • July 7, 1987 Metal Gear was first published by Konami

    • July 7, 1988 Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)

    • July 7, 1990 "Bill Cullen game show host (Price is Right), dies at 70 of cancer"

    • July 7, 1990 Greg Lemond wins his 3rd Tour de France (90:43:20 avg 23.3 mph)

    • July 7, 1990 Martina Navratilova beats Zina Garrison for rec 9th Wimbeldon title

    • July 7, 1991 Michael Stich beats Boris Becker for Wimbeldon championship

    • July 7, 1991 Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

    • July 7, 1994 "Aden is secured by troops from North Yemen, completing the reunification of Yemen."

    • July 7, 1995 Queensland school bans performance by PNG dance group because of bare breasts.

    • July 7, 1996 Indonesia cancels appointment of General Mantiri as ambassador to Australia and leaves post temporarily vacant.

    • July 7, 2002 "A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged MI6 of sheltering Abu Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader."

    • July 7, 2003 The United Communist Party of Armenia was formed.

    • July 7, 2004 The last patent on the LZW compression algorithm (in Canada) expired.

    • July 7, 2005 "A series of four terrorist explosions occur on London's transport system killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers."

    • July 7, 2005 "Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledged to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010."

    • July 7, 2005 "The 7 July 2005 London bombings (also called the 7/7 bombings) were a series of coordinated terrorist bomb blasts that hit London's public transport system during the morning rush hour. At 8:50 a.m., three bombs exploded within fifty seconds of each other on three London Underground trains. A fourth bomb exploded on a bus nearly an hour later at 9:47 a.m. in Tavistock Square. The bombings killed 52 commuters and the four suicide bombers, injured 700, and caused a severe day-long disruption of the city's transport and mobile telecommunications infrastructure countrywide."

    • July 7, 2007 A series of Live Earth concerts take place all over the world.

    • July 7, 2007 "Pope Benedict XVI issues the Summorum Pontificum, removing restrictions on celebrating the old Latin Mass."







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