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    See what makes July 14 special at Famous Daily.
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    What happened on July 14

    • July 14, 1223 "In France, Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France."

    • July 14, 1698 "The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama."

    • July 14, 1714 "Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet"

    • July 14, 1769 "The de Portol Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California)."

    • July 14, 1771 Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junpero Serra.

    • July 14, 1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California

    • July 14, 1789 French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.

    • July 14, 1791 "The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England."

    • July 14, 1798 "Sedition Act prohibits ""false, scandalous & malicious"" writing against US govt"

    • July 14, 1798 "The first direct federal tax on the states-on dwellings, land & slaves"

    • July 14, 1798 "The Sedition Act becomes United States law making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government."

    • July 14, 1825 The Jefferson Literary and Debating Society was founded at the University of Virginia.

    • July 14, 1827 "The first Roman Catholic Mass is celebrated in the Hawaiian Islands by Fathers Abraham Armand and Alexis Bachelot of France and Patrick Short of the United Kingdom, members of the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary. It would be the foundation of the present-day Diocese of Honolulu."

    • July 14, 1832 Opium exempted from federal tariff duty

    • July 14, 1845 "The first postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC"

    • July 14, 1850 The first public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration

    • July 14, 1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

    • July 14, 1853 Pres Franklin Pierce opens first industrial exposition (NY)

    • July 14, 1865 "First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent."

    • July 14, 1865 The first ascent of Matterhorn

    • July 14, 1868 "Tape measure enclosed in a circular case patented, AJ Fellows, Ct"

    • July 14, 1881 "On a ranch near old Fort Sumner, New Mexico, the infamous Western outlaw known as ""Billy the Kid"" was shot to death by Pat Garrett, the sheriff of Lincoln County"

    • July 14, 1902 "The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta."

    • July 14, 1911 "46"" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Phillipines"

    • July 14, 1914 The first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Dr R Goddard)

    • July 14, 1918 "Jay Forrester, a pioneer in computer memory, was born . Forrester studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he later became a professor and researcher. In 1945"

    • July 14, 1921 "Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company's paymaster"

    • July 14, 1933 East European Jewish immigrants are stripped of German citizenship.

    • July 14, 1933 "Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party."

    • July 14, 1934 "116? F (47? C), Orogrande, New Mexico (state record)"

    • July 14, 1934 NY Times erronously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time

    • July 14, 1936 "116? F (47? C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)"

    • July 14, 1940 "World War II: Andrew George Latta McNaughton takes command of the 7th Army Corps consisting of British, Canadian and New Zealand troops."

    • July 14, 1942 "Captain Charles Hazlitt UPHAM 20 th NZ Battalion, won the second of two Victoria Crosses in Egypt"

    • July 14, 1943 "In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American."

    • July 14, 1947 C A Wirtanen discovers asteroid #1747 Wright

    • July 14, 1948 "Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament."

    • July 14, 1950 RE Wayne awarded first Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea

    • July 14, 1951 "Citation becomes first horse to win $1,000,000 in races"

    • July 14, 1951 The first color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)

    • July 14, 1953 The first natl monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver

    • July 14, 1954 "117? F (47? C), East St. Louis, Illinois (state record)"

    • July 14, 1954 "118? F (48? C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)"

    • July 14, 1954 "The central region of the United States suffers extremely hot weather, with the temperature reaching 118 F (48 C) in Warsaw and Union, Missouri, and 117 F (47 C) in East St. Louis, Illinois, setting new all-time state record high temperatures."

    • July 14, 1955 "2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England"

    • July 14, 1957 "Soviet steamer ""Eshghbad"" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270"

    • July 14, 1958 Iraqi army overthrows monarchy; republic replaces Hashemite dynasty

    • July 14, 1958 Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.

    • July 14, 1958 "King Faisal II PM of Iraq, assassinated at Baghdad"

    • July 14, 1960 "Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300"

    • July 14, 1965 Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.

    • July 14, 1965 "US Mariner IV, first Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)"

    • July 14, 1966 A fire at a mental hospital in Guatemala City kills 225.

    • July 14, 1966 "In Chicago, Illinois, eight student nurses were killed in what was called the""crime of the century."" Gloria Davy, Patricia Matusek, Nina Schmale, Pamela Wilkening, Suzanne Farris, Mary Ann Jordan, Merlita Gargullo, and Valentina Paison--all nursing students at the South Chicago Community Hospital--were strangled or stabbed to death by Richard Spec"

    • July 14, 1966 "In Chicago, Richard Speck murders eight student nurses in their dormitory."

    • July 14, 1966 Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory

    • July 14, 1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing

    • July 14, 1968 Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick

    • July 14, 1968 "Westbrook Van Voorhis announcer (March of Time), dies at 64"

    • July 14, 1969 """Futbol War"" between El Salvador & Honduras begins"

    • July 14, 1969 "Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer game against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers. Of the 300,000 Salvadoran workers in Honduras, tens of thousands are expelled, prompting a brief Salvadoran invasion of Honduras. The OAS works out a cease-fire on July 18, taking effect on July 20."

    • July 14, 1969 "Large denominations of United States currency, namely the $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills, are officially withdrawn from circulation by the Federal Reserve System due to ""lack of use,"" leaving the $100 bill as the largest unit of circulating United States currency. [1]"

    • July 14, 1970 "Preston Foster actor (Waterfront, Gunslinger), dies at 69"

    • July 14, 1972 L Zhuravleva discovers asteroids #1959 Karbyshev & #2423 Ibarruri

    • July 14, 1973 "Clarence White guitarist (Byrds), killed by a car"

    • July 14, 1973 Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to the Everly Brothers

    • July 14, 1974 "Bundy victms Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA"

    • July 14, 1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced

    • July 14, 1976 Jimmy Carter wins Democratic pres nomination in NY

    • July 14, 1978 Anatoly Shcharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation

    • July 14, 1979 "George De Witt TV host (Name that Tune), dies at 56"

    • July 14, 1981 "MCLN bombs a popular cinema in Bangui, Central African Republic. Afterwards a declaration is issued, demanding withdrawal of French troops from the country."

    • July 14, 1983 Crane (Rep-R-Il) & Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages

    • July 14, 1984 "Kenny Delmar comedian (School House), dies at 74"

    • July 14, 1984 "New Zealand elects the Fourth Labour Government bringing in David Lange as Prime Minister of New Zealand, and thus breaking nine years of National party governance under Robert Muldoon. It was this government that introduced the world's first and only nuclear free legislation."

    • July 14, 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads

    • July 14, 1986 NASA's plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission

    • July 14, 1986 Richard W Miller became first FBI agent convicted of espionage

    • July 14, 1987 Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million

    • July 14, 1987 Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony

    • July 14, 1987 Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame

    • July 14, 1987 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law

    • July 14, 1988 "200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorp of Nagorno-Karabak"

    • July 14, 1988 Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th HR into 7th place

    • July 14, 1988 "Volkswagen's automobile plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania - the first auto assembly plant operated by a non-American car manufacturer in the United States - closes after little more than a decade of operation. The plant built Volkswagen's Rabbit model in its first six years, then produced the Golf and some Jetta models until its closing."

    • July 14, 1989 "The 16th James Bond movies ""License to Kill"" premiers"

    • July 14, 1990 """Howard Stern's Summer Show"" premiers on WWOR-TV"

    • July 14, 1992 "A major fire consumes an entire city block in tourist destination Gatlinburg, Tennessee, destroying the ""Ripley's Believe It Or Not!"" Museum and several other local businesses and attractions in the process."

    • July 14, 1994 NBC said it would launch two subscription-based online news services starting in September

    • July 14, 1995 The MP3 format was named.

    • July 14, 2000 "George Speight, the principal instigator of the Fiji coup of 2000, was arrested with 369 of his followers and charged with treason."

    • July 14, 2002 "During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed."

    • July 14, 2005 "Europe holds a two minute silence at 12:00 BST in remembrance of the 7/7 bombings of London, United Kingdom"

    • July 14, 2006 "The verdict in the Italian Football Match Fixing Scandal was delivered- Juventus were relegated, Lazio, Fiorentina and AC Milan were spared relegation."

    • July 14, 2007 Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.







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