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    What happened on July 15

    • July 15, 0410 Poland & Lithuania defeat Teutonic Knights at Tannenberg

    • July 15, 1085 "The Norman Robert Guiscard dies of fever at age 60 after regaining Corfu and Kephalonia, which his son Bohemund had lost
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    • July 15, 1099 First Crusade: Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final assault of a difficult siege.

    • July 15, 1099 "Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders after a siege of just over one month The streets of the city run with blood as the Crusaders slaughter 40,000 and set fire to mosques and synagogues, and the First Crusade comes to an end
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    • July 15, 1162 Ladislaus II of Hungary declared King of Hungary.

    • July 15, 1207 John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.

    • July 15, 1240 A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

    • July 15, 1381 "John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England."

    • July 15, 1410 "Battle of Grunwald, allied forces of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeat the army of the Teutonic Order."

    • July 15, 1662 Charles II grants charter to establish Royal Society in London

    • July 15, 1685 "James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill, England after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemore on 6 July 1685."

    • July 15, 1789 "Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, by acclamation, named colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris."

    • July 15, 1799 "Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta, by French Captain Pierre-Franois Bouchard."

    • July 15, 1806 "Pike expedition: Near St. Louis, Missouri, United States Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike begins an expedition from Fort Belle Fountaine to explore the west."

    • July 15, 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte captured

    • July 15, 1815 Napolon Bonaparte surrenders from aboard HMS Bellerophon.

    • July 15, 1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.

    • July 15, 1856 Natal established as a British colony separate from Cape Colony

    • July 15, 1864 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard

    • July 15, 1867 SF Merchant's Exchange opens

    • July 15, 1869 "Margarine is patented in Paris, for use by French Navy"

    • July 15, 1870 Georgia becomes last confederate state to be readmitted to US

    • July 15, 1870 Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada

    • July 15, 1870 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created

    • July 15, 1870 Post-American-Civil-War Reconstruction: Georgia becomes the last of the former Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.

    • July 15, 1870 "Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory are transferred to Canada from the Hudson's Bay Company, and the province of Manitoba and the North-West Territories are established from these vast territories."

    • July 15, 1881 "William ""Billy the Kid"" Bonney killed by Pat Garrett"

    • July 15, 1888 "Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for first time in 1,000 years"

    • July 15, 1893 Commodore Perry arrives in Japan

    • July 15, 1895 Archie MacLaren scores County Championship record cricket innings of 424 for Lancashire against Somerset at Taunton.

    • July 15, 1904 "The first Buddhist temple in US established, Los Angeles"

    • July 15, 1911 "46"" of rain (begining 7/14) falls in Baguio, Phillipines"

    • July 15, 1916 "22.22"" of rain falls in Altapass NC"

    • July 15, 1916 "In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing)."

    • July 15, 1918 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I

    • July 15, 1920 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season

    • July 15, 1922 "The first duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo"

    • July 15, 1926 BEST buses make its dbut in Mumbai.

    • July 15, 1927 "Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna."

    • July 15, 1929 "First weekly radio broadcast of Mormon Tabernacle Choir radio show, Music and the Spoken Word."

    • July 15, 1929 The first airport hotel opens-Oakland Ca

    • July 15, 1931 Kid Chocolate becomes Cuba's first world boxing champion.

    • July 15, 1932 "The Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway is opened throughout between North Bay and Moosonee, Ont. Construction was started on May 10, 1902. The name was subsequently changed to Ontario Northland Transportation."

    • July 15, 1933 Wiley Post began first solo flight around the world

    • July 15, 1937 Buchenwald concentration camp is opened.

    • July 15, 1937 "Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China"

    • July 15, 1940 "Robert Wadlow world's tallest man (8'11.1""), dies at 32"

    • July 15, 1940 "Voluntary Defence Force (VDC), composed mainly of World War One veterans, formed by Returned Sailors' Soldiers' and Airmen's League of Australia for home defence"

    • July 15, 1941 Florey & Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Pencillin)

    • July 15, 1942 First deportees sent to Auschwitz come from Germany and Holland.

    • July 15, 1942 "Sgt. Keith Elliott 22 NZ Battalion, won the Victoria Cross at"

    • July 15, 1944 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb

    • July 15, 1946 British North Borneo Co transfers rights to British crown

    • July 15, 1948 "John J Persing US General (WW I), dies at 87"

    • July 15, 1948 Pres Truman nominated for another term

    • July 15, 1949 "Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny & Vladimir Cernik, defect to US"

    • July 15, 1953 "John Reginald Christie, British serial killer executed."

    • July 15, 1954 "First flight of the Boeing 707, the first American jet passenger airliner."

    • July 15, 1954 The first commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)

    • July 15, 1955 "Eighteen Nobel laureates signed the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others."

    • July 15, 1957 Full-scale production of the Edsel automobile begins.

    • July 15, 1957 "George Cleveland actor (Grampa-Lassie), dies at 74"

    • July 15, 1958 "In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to provide military support to the pro-Western government there."

    • July 15, 1958 "Julia Lennon mother of Beatle John, dies in an auto accident"

    • July 15, 1958 Pres Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

    • July 15, 1959 "The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history."

    • July 15, 1964 Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans

    • July 15, 1965 US scientists display close-up photos of Mars from Mariner IV

    • July 15, 1968 """One Life to Live"" premieres on TV"

    • July 15, 1970 Denmark beats Italy 2-0 in first world female soccer championship

    • July 15, 1971 Pres Nixon announces he would visit People's Rep of China

    • July 15, 1973 "Ray Davies, announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide"

    • July 15, 1974 Christine Chubbuck becomes the first person to commit suicide on-air.

    • July 15, 1974 "In Nicosia, Cyprus, Greek-sponsored nationalists launch a coup d'tat, deposing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as Cypriot president."

    • July 15, 1975 Apollo Soyuz Test Project: Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft take off for U.S.-Soviet link-up in space.

    • July 15, 1975 Clifford Antone opens the legendary Austin blues club Antone's on 6th Street.

    • July 15, 1975 Soyuz 19 & Apollo 18 launched; rendezvous 2 days later

    • July 15, 1976 36-hr kidnap of 26 schoolchildren & their bus driver in Calif

    • July 15, 1980 "Eddie Jackson comedian (Jimmy Durante Show), dies at 84"

    • July 15, 1982 "Body of Wendy Caulfield, first Green River victim, found near Seattle"

    • July 15, 1982 Senate confirms George Shultz as 60th sec of state by vote of 97-0

    • July 15, 1982 "Wendy Caulfield first Green River victim, found near Seattle"

    • July 15, 1983 "8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France"

    • July 15, 1983 "Eddie Foy Jr actor (Eddie-Fair Exchange), dies of cancer at 78"

    • July 15, 1983 "Nintendo released the Famicom in Japan, starting the Third Generation of Video Games"

    • July 15, 1986 "Benny Rubin actor/comedian (Benny Rubin Show), dies at 87"

    • July 15, 1986 "Florence Halop actress (Florence-Night Court), dies at 63"

    • July 15, 1987 John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings

    • July 15, 1988 "Eleanor Estes author (Ginger Pye, Moffats), dies at 82"

    • July 15, 1990 "Troy Dixon rapper (Trouble T-Roy of Heavy D), dies at 22 from a fall"

    • July 15, 1991 "Bert Convy actor (Snoop Sisters, Win Lose or Draw), dies at 57"

    • July 15, 1991 US troops leave northern Iraq

    • July 15, 1995 First item sold on Amazon.com

    • July 15, 1996 A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.

    • July 15, 1997 "In Miami, Florida, serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan guns down Gianni Versace outside his home."

    • July 15, 2002 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan awarded death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life term to three other suspects in murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.

    • July 15, 2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

    • July 15, 2003 "the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention removed its SARS-related travel advisory for Taiwan, the last area to have such a travel alert."

    • July 15, 2004 Monorail service begins in Las Vegas.

    • July 15, 2004 "The BBC airs the documentary The Secret Agent, exposing racism by members of the British National Party."

    • July 15, 2005 "Jack Nicklaus plays his last hole of competitive golf during The Open Championship at Hole 18 at St Andrews, finishing with a birdie."

    • July 15, 2005 the EPA approves a 70 parts per million addition of fluoride to all processed foods.

    • July 15, 2006 Mogadishu Int'l Airport in Somalia's capital of Mogadishu re-opens after an eleven-year closure mainly due to the Somali civil war.

    • July 15, 2007 Lewis Gordon Pugh becomes the first person to swim at the North Pole.







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