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    What happened on July 16

    • July 16, 0622 "Mohammed (570-632) while meditating near Mecca in 610 AD, had visions from Allah to write the Koran. He escaped from his enemies in Mecca on July 16, 622 and went to Medina. Mohammed's journey (hejira) on this date would mark the birth of Islam. He raised an army while spreading his beliefs, and returned to conquer Mecca in 630 AD."

    • July 16, 0622 The beginning of the Islamic calendar.

    • July 16, 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem power in Spain

    • July 16, 1439 Kissing is banned in England

    • July 16, 1548 "La Paz, Bolivia is founded"

    • July 16, 1661 The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.

    • July 16, 1683 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.

    • July 16, 1769 "Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego de Alcal, the first mission in California. The mission later evolves into the city of San Diego."

    • July 16, 1769 "Father Serra founds Mission San Diego, first mission in Calif"

    • July 16, 1775 John Adams graduates Harvard

    • July 16, 1782 First performance of Mozart's opera The Abduction from the Seraglio.

    • July 16, 1783 Grants of land in Canada to American United Empire Loyalists are announced.

    • July 16, 1790 The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia (seat of government).

    • July 16, 1798 US Public Health Service established & US Marine Hospital authorized

    • July 16, 1845 The New York Yacht Club hosted the first American boating regatta.

    • July 16, 1862 American Civil War: David G. Farragut becomes the first United States Navy rear admiral.

    • July 16, 1862 Comet Swift-Tuttle is discovered by Lewis Swift.

    • July 16, 1862 David G Farragut became first rear admiral in US Navy

    • July 16, 1880 Dr. Emily Howard Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.

    • July 16, 1894 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners

    • July 16, 1894 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England

    • July 16, 1904 Islands of the Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs

    • July 16, 1912 Bradley A. Fiske patented the airplane torpedo

    • July 16, 1912 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patented by B.A. Fiske

    • July 16, 1918 "Nicholas II Russian tsar, and family are executed"

    • July 16, 1920 Gen Amos Fries appointed first US army chemical warfare chief

    • July 16, 1920 US wins Davis Cup sweeping Australia in 5 straight matches

    • July 16, 1926 The first underwater color photographs appeared in " National Geographic" magazine

    • July 16, 1927 Augusto Sandino begins 5Β®-year war against US occupation of Nicaragua

    • July 16, 1935 "The first automatic parking meter in US installed, Oklahoma City, Ok"

    • July 16, 1936 "The first x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY"

    • July 16, 1941 100? F (38? C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash

    • July 16, 1941 "Hitler convened top Nazi leaders at his headquarters in East Prussia to dictate how they would rule the newly occupied eastern territories. Ukraine, the ""jewel"" in the Nazi empire, would become a German colony."

    • July 16, 1941 New York Yankees' Joe DiMaggio gets a hit in his 56th consecutive game.

    • July 16, 1942 "Holocaust: Rafle du Vel'd'Hiv: The Vichy France government orders French police officers to round up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome. In 1995, president Jacques Chirac officially recognizes the French police's responsibility."

    • July 16, 1945 "" Fat Boy", the experimental, plutonium bomb, exploded at 5:30 a.m. in the first U.S. test of an atomic bomb. The mushroom-shaped cloud rose to a height of 41,000 feet above the New Mexico desert at Alamogordo Air Base. All life in a one-mile radius ceased to exist."

    • July 16, 1945 "Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico."

    • July 16, 1948 "The city of Nazareth, hometown of Jesus, capitulated to Israeli troops during Operation Dekel led by Ben Dunkelman, after little more than token resistance, during 1948 Arab-Israeli War."

    • July 16, 1950 "The largest crowd in sporting history -- 199,854 -- watched the World Cup soccer finals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Uruguay defeated Brazil."

    • July 16, 1950 Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro

    • July 16, 1951 "King Lopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son, Baudouin I of Belgium."

    • July 16, 1951 "Novel ""Catcher in the Rye"" by JD Salinger published"

    • July 16, 1951 The novel Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger published.

    • July 16, 1955 """Golden Horseshoe Revue"" first of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland"

    • July 16, 1956 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR

    • July 16, 1956 "Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent"

    • July 16, 1957 Marine Maj John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

    • July 16, 1957 "United States Marine Major John Glenn flies a F8U Crusader supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds setting a new transcontinental speed record."

    • July 16, 1960 "205,000 (sports attendance record) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer"

    • July 16, 1964 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Rolling Stones - It's All Over now

    • July 16, 1965 The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France with Italy opens.

    • July 16, 1967 "Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)"

    • July 16, 1969 "Apollo 11, carrying first men to land on the Moon, launched"

    • July 16, 1973 "During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes"

    • July 16, 1973 Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield informs the United States Senate that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially-incriminating conversations.

    • July 16, 1976 Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years

    • July 16, 1979 Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and is replaced by Saddam Hussein.

    • July 16, 1980 Ronald Reagan wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.

    • July 16, 1981 "Harry Chapin dies at 39, when his car is rear-ended"

    • July 16, 1981 Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously

    • July 16, 1981 "Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes Malaysia's 4th Prime Minister until retired on October 31, 2003. Making him Asia's longest-serving political leaders (22 years as Prime Minister of Malaysia)."

    • July 16, 1982 NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth

    • July 16, 1982 "Patrick Dewaere actor, dies of self-inflicted gunshot wound"

    • July 16, 1983 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident

    • July 16, 1983 "Sikorsky S-61 disaster: helicopter crash off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities."

    • July 16, 1985 "Wayne King orch leader, dies at 84"

    • July 16, 1987 "The two biggest British airlines, British Airways and British Caledonian are to merge and create a carrier to compete with the giant American air corporations."

    • July 16, 1988 Carl Lewis runs a wind-assisted 100 m in 9.78 sec

    • July 16, 1988 Florence Joyner runs 100 m in women's world record 10.49 seconds

    • July 16, 1988 Michael J Fox marries Tracy Pollan

    • July 16, 1988 Wayne Gretzky (NHL) & Janet Jones (Police Acad 5) wed in Edmonton

    • July 16, 1990 400 die in a (7.7) earthquake in the Philippines

    • July 16, 1990 "In the Philippines, an earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter Scale kills over 1600."

    • July 16, 1990 NYC's Empire State Building catches fire-No fatalities

    • July 16, 1990 "Rick Dee's ""Into the Night,"" premiers on ABC-TV"

    • July 16, 1991 "Frank Rizzo (Mayor-D-Phila, 1972-80), dies at 70"

    • July 16, 1991 Peter Smichenko's Birthday

    • July 16, 1994 The civil war in Rwanda ends.

    • July 16, 1994 The planet Jupiter is hit by fragments of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet.

    • July 16, 1999 "John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy."

    • July 16, 2003 "The Corsicans reject a referendum for increased autonomy from France by a very thin majority: 50.98 percent against, and 49.02 percent for."

    • July 16, 2004 "Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley."

    • July 16, 2007 "An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occur off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chetsu offshore earthquake."

    • July 16, 2010 "Typhoon Conson roared into China Friday near the city of Sanya, along the southern tip of the island of Hainan"







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