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    See what makes July 19 special at Famous Daily.
    History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!


    What happened on July 19

    • July 19, 0711 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.

    • July 19, 1333 "Battle of Halidon Hill at Berwick where an English army under Edward III and Edward Balliol defeated the Scots forces led by Sir Archibald Douglas. English archers devastated the Scottish army and inflicted terrible losses, including six earls, seventy barons and over 500 knights"

    • July 19, 1544 Italian War of 1542: The Siege of Boulogne began.

    • July 19, 1545 The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth.

    • July 19, 1553 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days

    • July 19, 1553 Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after having that title for just nine days.

    • July 19, 1692 "Salem Witch Trials: Five women are hanged for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts."

    • July 19, 1760 "The formal request to found the later city of Mayagez, Puerto Rico is filed by its founders."

    • July 19, 1810 "Prussia's Queen Louise dies at age 34 Napoleon has tried to destroy her reputation, but his charges have only endeared her to her people
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    • July 19, 1816 Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days

    • July 19, 1843 "Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and also becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world."

    • July 19, 1848 "The first women's rights convention (Seneca Falls, NY)"

    • July 19, 1848 "Women's rights: The two day Women's Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York and the ""Bloomers"" are introduced at the feminist convention."

    • July 19, 1860 The railroad reaches Kansas

    • July 19, 1862 Forrest's first raid

    • July 19, 1870 Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.

    • July 19, 1873 William Gosse becomes the first European to discover Ayers Rock (Uluru) and names it in honour of South Australian Premier Sir Henry Ayers.

    • July 19, 1875 "Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC"

    • July 19, 1877 The first Wimbledon tennis championships held

    • July 19, 1879 Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.

    • July 19, 1880 SF Public Library starts lending books

    • July 19, 1907 K Lohnert discovers asteroid #639 Latona

    • July 19, 1912 "A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg explodes over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town."

    • July 19, 1913 "Billboard publishes earliest known ""Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs"" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1"

    • July 19, 1916 "Battle of Fromelles, France starts"

    • July 19, 1918 German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)

    • July 19, 1919 "Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall."

    • July 19, 1925 V Albitzkij discovers asteroid #1059 Mussorgskia

    • July 19, 1939 "The first use of fiberglass sutures, R.P. Scholz, St Louis, Mo"

    • July 19, 1940 "Adolf Hitler makes a peace offer to Britain, which Winston Churchill immediately rejects."

    • July 19, 1940 World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.

    • July 19, 1941 "British PM Winston Churchill launched his ""V for Victory"" campaign"

    • July 19, 1941 President Roosevelt appointed FEP Committee

    • July 19, 1941 The first US Army flying school for black cadets dedicted (Tuskegee Ala)

    • July 19, 1942 "Himmler sends a secret directive to SS Lieutenant General F.W. Kinger ordering the ""resettlement"" of the entire Jewish population of the General Government, to be completed by December 31."

    • July 19, 1943 Allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

    • July 19, 1945 Montgomery Ward is seized by United States Army troops at the direction of Attorney General Francis Biddle because of its refusal to obey National War Labor Board orders. Montgomery Ward chairman Seward Avery is carried out of his office by troops.

    • July 19, 1947 Burmese nationalist Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members were assassinated.

    • July 19, 1949 Laos becomes associated state within French Union

    • July 19, 1952 15th modern Olympic games opens in Helsinki

    • July 19, 1957 Don Bowden becomes first American to break 4 minute mile (3m58s7)

    • July 19, 1957 "The first rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada"

    • July 19, 1961 The first in-flight movie shown (TWA)

    • July 19, 1963 "Joe Walker flies a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 metres (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Exceeding an altitude of 100 km, this flight qualifies as a human spaceflight under international convention."

    • July 19, 1964 "Vietnam War: At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Khanh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam."

    • July 19, 1965 "Shooting begins on Star Trek 2nd pilot ""Where No Man Has Gone Before"""

    • July 19, 1966 Gov James Rhodes declares state of emergency in Cleveland (race riot)

    • July 19, 1967 "A Piedmont Airlines Boeing 727 and a Cessna 310 collided in mid-air over Hendersonville, North Carolina killing 82."

    • July 19, 1967 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Beatles - All You Need Is Love

    • July 19, 1967 Race riots in Durham NC

    • July 19, 1967 US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)

    • July 19, 1969 Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit

    • July 19, 1969 "Mary Jo Kopechne dies at 28, in Ted Kennedy's car"

    • July 19, 1970 "Barry Wood singer (Your Hit Parade), dies at 61"

    • July 19, 1971 B Burnasheva discovers asteroid #2259 Sofievka

    • July 19, 1974 David Bowie's Diamond Dog tour ends in NYC

    • July 19, 1974 "Joe Flynn actor (McHale's Navy), dies at 59"

    • July 19, 1975 "Apollo & Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate"

    • July 19, 1975 Number one hit on UK music charts - Bay City Rollers - Give A Little Love

    • July 19, 1976 Rock group Deep Purple disbands

    • July 19, 1976 Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.

    • July 19, 1979 "2 supertankers collide off Tobago-260,000 TONS of oil spill"

    • July 19, 1979 Nicaragua Liberation Day; Sandinistas take over from Somoza

    • July 19, 1979 "Patricia Harris, becomes sect of HEW"

    • July 19, 1979 The Sandinista rebels overthrow the U.S.-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.

    • July 19, 1980 22nd modern Olympic games opens in Moscow; US & others boycott

    • July 19, 1980 David Bowie appears in role of Elephant Man in Denver

    • July 19, 1982 David S Dodge becomes the first American hostage in Lebanon

    • July 19, 1984 "Carol Eberts Veazie actor, dies at 89"

    • July 19, 1984 "Geraldine A Ferraro, (Rep-D-NY), won Democratic VP nomination"

    • July 19, 1984 The first female to captain a 747 across the Atlantic (Lynn Rippelmeyer)

    • July 19, 1985 Christa McAuliffe chosen first schoolteacher to fly the space shuttle

    • July 19, 1985 "The Val di Stava dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy."

    • July 19, 1986 "Caroline Kennedy weds Edwin A Schlossberg in Centerville, Mass"

    • July 19, 1989 "Charles Sturt University, Australia established in honour of explorer Charles Sturt."

    • July 19, 1989 "United Airlines flight 232 crashes in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 of the 296 passengers."

    • July 19, 1989 United flight 232 crashes in Iowa

    • July 19, 1990 "BASF plant in Cincinnatti explodes in flames, 1 dies"

    • July 19, 1990 Cincinnati Red Pete Rose is sentence to 5 months for tax evasion

    • July 19, 1990 "Herbert Nelson actor (Guilding Light), dies at 76 of a stroke"

    • July 19, 1990 "Johnny Wayne comedian (Wayne & Shuster), dies at 72 of cancer"

    • July 19, 1990 "Richard Nixon library opens in Yorba Linda, Calif"

    • July 19, 1991 Miss Black America contestant accuses Mike Tyson of rape







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