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    What happened on July 22

    • July 22, 1099 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon elected first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.

    • July 22, 1298 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk

    • July 22, 1456 "Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade - John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire"

    • July 22, 1461 "Charles VII king of France (1422-61), dies at 58"

    • July 22, 1484 "Battle of Lochmaben Fair - A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas captured."

    • July 22, 1499 Battle of Dornach - The Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.

    • July 22, 1587 2nd English colony established on Roanoke Island off NC

    • July 22, 1587 Colony of Roanoke: A second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off of North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.

    • July 22, 1587 English settlers establish a colony on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.

    • July 22, 1686 "Albany, New York formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan"

    • July 22, 1686 "City of Albany, NY chartered"

    • July 22, 1763 Catherine II issued her second manifesto inviting foreigners to settle in Russia. It spelled out the conditions under which they could immigrate and granted special rights and privileges. Large numbers of German peasants accepted the invitation.

    • July 22, 1775 George Washington takes command of the troops

    • July 22, 1796 "Cleveland, Ohio, is founded by General Moses Cleaveland."

    • July 22, 1796 "Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio ""Cleveland"" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party."

    • July 22, 1802 Frigate Constellation defeats 9 Corsair gunboats off Tripoli.

    • July 22, 1802 "Marie-Fran?ois-Xavier Bichat a founder of histology, dies"

    • July 22, 1805 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition - Battle of Cape Finisterre - Inconclusive naval action fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.

    • July 22, 1812 "Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain"

    • July 22, 1812 French troops are defeated by the British at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain.

    • July 22, 1812 "Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War - Battle of Salamanca - British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near what else Spain! Salamanca, Spain."

    • July 22, 1826 "Giuseppe Piazzi discoverer of first asteroid, dies"

    • July 22, 1854 J R Hind discovers asteroid #30 Urania

    • July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman & suffers terrible losses

    • July 22, 1898 Belgica crew see first sunrise in 1600 hrs-1st to endure Antarct winter

    • July 22, 1905 "Body of John Paul Jones moved to Annapolis, MD for reburial."

    • July 22, 1905 "Phila Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0"

    • July 22, 1908 W Lorenz discovers asteroid #665 Sabine

    • July 22, 1916 A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10

    • July 22, 1916 "In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40."

    • July 22, 1916 Ten people are killed when a bomb explodes during the Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco.

    • July 22, 1917 Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian PM

    • July 22, 1917 "Four members of the Australian Army Nursing Service ? Sisters Cawood, Deacon and Ross-King and Staff Nurse Derrer ? win Military Medals for rescuing patients trapped in a burning Casualty Clearing Station at Trois Arbes, France These were the first bravery awards won by Australian nurses in action"

    • July 22, 1918 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park

    • July 22, 1923 "Walter Johnson becomes the first to strikeout 3,000"

    • July 22, 1925 Yankees purchase infielder Leo Durocher

    • July 22, 1926 "105? F (41? C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)"

    • July 22, 1926 "108? F (42? C), Troy, New York (state record)"

    • July 22, 1933 "Caterina Jarboro sings ""Aida,"" NYC-1st negro prima donna in US"

    • July 22, 1933 "Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes."

    • July 22, 1934 Bank robber John Dillinger is shot to death by FBI agents outside of the Biograph Theater in Chicago.

    • July 22, 1934 John Dillinger shot dead at Biograph Theater in Chicago

    • July 22, 1934 "Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, ""Public Enemy No. 1"" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents."

    • July 22, 1935 Lester Walton appointed minister to Liberia

    • July 22, 1937 New Deal: The United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.

    • July 22, 1937 Senate rejects FDR proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

    • July 22, 1938 "Opening of Australian National War Memorial at Villers-Bretonneux, France"

    • July 22, 1939 The first black woman judge (Jane Matilda Bolin-NYC)

    • July 22, 1942 "Beginning of Warsaw ghetto ""Aktion."" 6,000 to 7,000 a day are deported to Treblinka."

    • July 22, 1942 Gas rationing begins along the Atlantic coast of the US to help the American war effort during WWII.

    • July 22, 1942 Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.

    • July 22, 1942 "Start of battle of the Kokoda Track, Papua"

    • July 22, 1942 The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.

    • July 22, 1943 Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.

    • July 22, 1943 "General George S. Patton leads American troops to capture Palermo, Sicily, during WWII."

    • July 22, 1944 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation

    • July 22, 1944 "The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland"

    • July 22, 1946 90 people die when Jewish extremists blow up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem.

    • July 22, 1946 "Estelle Bennett, rocker (The Ronettes)"

    • July 22, 1946 "King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90."

    • July 22, 1947 "-8? F (-13? C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)"

    • July 22, 1950 "King Leopold, after 6 years in exile, returns to Belgium"

    • July 22, 1952 Polish constitution adopted (National Day)

    • July 22, 1953 "Cy Kendall actor (Mysteries of Chinatown), dies at 55"

    • July 22, 1953 U.S. ships laid down heavy barrage to support UN troops in Korea

    • July 22, 1955 "Joseph Foley actor (Mr Peepers), dies at 45"

    • July 22, 1955 The first VP to preside over cabinet meeting-R Nixon

    • July 22, 1962 "The first US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off"

    • July 22, 1963 Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson to retain heavywieght championship

    • July 22, 1963 "The Beatles release ""Introducing the Beatles"""

    • July 22, 1964 "Four Navy Divers (LCDR Robert Thompson, MC; Gunners Mate First Class Lester Anderson, Chief Quartermaster Robert A. Barth, and Chief Hospital Corpsman Sanders Manning) submerge in Sealab I for 10 days at a depth of 192 feet, 39 miles off Hamilton, Bermuda. They surfaced on 31 July 1964."

    • July 22, 1964 Steve Ballesteros wins the Britsh Golf Open

    • July 22, 1965 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Byrds - Mr Tambourine Man

    • July 22, 1967 Carl Sandburg poet dies at 89

    • July 22, 1967 Jimi Hendrix quits as openoing act of the Monkees' tour

    • July 22, 1969 Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing the peace in Detroit

    • July 22, 1972 "27.53 cm (10.84"") of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record)"

    • July 22, 1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus

    • July 22, 1974 Evacuees from the coup on Cyprus arrive on board Navy vessels in the Mediterranean. Operation ended on 24 July.

    • July 22, 1975 House of Reps votes to restore citizenship to Gen Robert E Lee

    • July 22, 1977 Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.

    • July 22, 1979 "Hope Summers actress (Clara-Andy Griffith Show), dies at 78"

    • July 22, 1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome to life

    • July 22, 1983 "-128? F (-89? C) recorded, Vostok, Antarctica (world record)"

    • July 22, 1983 Dick Smith makes first solo helicopter flight around the world

    • July 22, 1983 Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.

    • July 22, 1983 Poland's PM Januzelski lifts martial law

    • July 22, 1986 House of Reps impeaches Judge Harry E Claiborne on tax evasion

    • July 22, 1987 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)

    • July 22, 1987 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf

    • July 22, 1988 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research

    • July 22, 1988 "Luigi Lucioni Italian, landscape painter (opera stars), dies at 87"

    • July 22, 1989 Number one hit on UK music charts - Sonia - You'll Never Stop Me Loving You

    • July 22, 1990 Greg Lemond of US wins bicycling's 3rd tour de France

    • July 22, 1990 Nick Faldo of England wins the British Open Golf championship

    • July 22, 1992 "Near Medelln, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States."

    • July 22, 1994 "O.J. Simpson pleads innocent to mmurdering his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman."

    • July 22, 1997 "The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario."

    • July 22, 1999 The first version of MSN Messenger was released by Microsoft.

    • July 22, 2002 "Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians."

    • July 22, 2003 "Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard."

    • July 22, 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings

    • July 22, 2007 "Pdraig Harrington is the first Irishman in 60 years (also first European since Paul Lawrie in 1999) to win the oldest of the four major championships in men's golf, The Open Championship, which was played this year at Carnoustie."

    • July 22, 2011 "Bomb Rocks Oslo Norway Government Headquarters, at least 7 dead."

    • July 22, 2011 Gunman disguised as a police officer opening fire on a youth camp on Utoeya island south of Oslo. at least 80 teens dead.







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