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    What happened on July 26

    • July 26, 0657 Battle of Siffin.

    • July 26, 0811 "Battle of Pliska; Byzantine emperor Nicephorus I is slain, his heir Stauracius is seriously wounded."

    • July 26, 0920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Lon against the Muslims at Pamplona.

    • July 26, 1139 "Afonso, then a count, is proclaimed first king of Portugal and declares independence from Leon."

    • July 26, 1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V.

    • July 26, 1581 "Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Oath of Abjuration). The declaration of independence of the northern Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II."

    • July 26, 1775 The birth of what would later become the United States Post Office Department was established by the Second Continental Congress.

    • July 26, 1775 The Post Office is esablished by the Continental Congress with Ben Franklin as postmaster general.

    • July 26, 1788 New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution

    • July 26, 1790 US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts

    • July 26, 1803 "The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London."

    • July 26, 1812 Frigate Essex captures British brig Leander

    • July 26, 1822 "Jos de San Martn arrives in Guayaquil, Ecuador, to meet with Simn Bolvar."

    • July 26, 1835 The first sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii

    • July 26, 1847 "Liberia, settled in Africa by freed U.S. slaves, becomes the first African colony to become an independent state."

    • July 26, 1848 The first Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)

    • July 26, 1863 "At Salineville, OH John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender"

    • July 26, 1865 Patrick Francis Healy is first black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium)

    • July 26, 1866 Canoe Club opens in England

    • July 26, 1878 "In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself ""Black Bart"" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside."

    • July 26, 1882 Premiere of Richard Wagner's Parsifal at Bayreuth.

    • July 26, 1887 The first Esperanto book published

    • July 26, 1891 France annexes Tahiti.

    • July 26, 1908 Federal Bureau of Investigation established

    • July 26, 1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

    • July 26, 1912 First airborne radio communications from naval aircraft to ship (LT John Rodgers to USS Stringham)

    • July 26, 1914 Serbia and Bulgaria interrupt diplomatic relationship.

    • July 26, 1920 Women in the US obtain the right to vote as the 19th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified.

    • July 26, 1923 "James Hoyt Wilhelm, pitcher"

    • July 26, 1926 National Bar Association incorporates

    • July 26, 1934 Assassination of Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss.

    • July 26, 1936 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.

    • July 26, 1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.

    • July 26, 1941 "World War II: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indo-China, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States."

    • July 26, 1942 "CAPT Joy Bright Hancock appointed Director, Women's Naval Reserve."

    • July 26, 1944 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain.

    • July 26, 1944 "World War II: Soviet army enters Lviv, major city of western Ukraine, liberating it from the Nazis. Only 300 Jewish survivors left, out of 160,000 Jews in Lviv prior to Nazi occupation."

    • July 26, 1945 Churchill resigns as Britain's PM

    • July 26, 1945 "The Labour Party wins the United Kingdom general election of July 5 by a landslide, removing Winston Churchill from power."

    • July 26, 1945 "The Potsdam Declaration is signed in Potsdam, Germany."

    • July 26, 1945 The US Navy cruiser Indianapolis arrives at Tinian with the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.

    • July 26, 1947 "Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act into United States law creating the Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council."

    • July 26, 1947 Department of Defense established

    • July 26, 1947 National Security Act establishes the CIA

    • July 26, 1948 "Pres Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing ""equality of treatment & opportunity"" in the armed forces"

    • July 26, 1948 The first black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show

    • July 26, 1952 "Eva ""Evita"" Peron Argentina's first lady, dies in Buenos Aires at 33"

    • July 26, 1952 King Farouk of Egypt abdicates in favour of his son Fuad.

    • July 26, 1952 Mickey Mantle hits his first grand-slammer

    • July 26, 1953 "Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid."

    • July 26, 1953 Cuban pirate radio station's first transmission at Santiago de Cuba

    • July 26, 1953 "Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution."

    • July 26, 1954 3 aircraft from USS Philippine Sea (CVA-47) shoot down 2 Chinese fighters that fired on them while they were providing air cover for rescue operations for a U.K. airliner shot down by a Chinese aircraft.

    • July 26, 1955 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers

    • July 26, 1956 Egypt seizes Suez Canal (soon Britian and France along with Isreal show up)

    • July 26, 1956 "Following the World Bank's decline to fund building the Aswan High Dam, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalises the Suez Canal sparking international condemnation."

    • July 26, 1957 "Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated"

    • July 26, 1957 USSR launches first intercontinental multistage ballistic missile

    • July 26, 1958 "Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV"

    • July 26, 1959 C Hoffmeister discovers asteroid #2183

    • July 26, 1962 Number one hit on UK music charts - Frank Ifield - I Remember You

    • July 26, 1963 "Earthquake in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia (formerly part of Yugoslavia) - 1100 dead"

    • July 26, 1963 "Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta B booster."

    • July 26, 1963 "US Syncom 2, first geosynchronous communications satellite, launched"

    • July 26, 1964 Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa convicted of fraud & conspiracy

    • July 26, 1964 "Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die"

    • July 26, 1965 Full independence was granted to the Maldives.

    • July 26, 1965 Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (Nat'l Day)

    • July 26, 1966 Lord Gardiner issues the Practice Statement in the House of Lords stating that the House is not bound to follow its own previous precedent.

    • July 26, 1968 Vietnam War: South Vietnamese opposition leader Truong Dinh Dzu is sentenced to five years hard labor for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.

    • July 26, 1969 "Sharon Sites Adams, 39, becomes first lady to solo sail the Pacific"

    • July 26, 1971 "Apollo 15, a manned lunar expedition, is launched."

    • July 26, 1974 Greek Prime Minister Constantin Caramanlis forms the country's first civil government after seven years of military rule.

    • July 26, 1974 USSR's Soyuz fails to dock with Salyut 3

    • July 26, 1975 Formation of a military triumvirate in Portugal.

    • July 26, 1975 Soyuz 18B returns to Earth

    • July 26, 1979 "Estimated 109 cm (43"") of rain falls in Alvin, TX (national record)"

    • July 26, 1980 Number one hit on UK music charts - Odyssey - Use It Up And Wear It Out

    • July 26, 1981 "2 climbers rappell 550 m down cliff near Angel Falls, Venezuela"

    • July 26, 1981 NY Mayor Ed Koch is given Heimlich maneuver in a Chinese restaurant

    • July 26, 1982 Canada's Anik D1 Comsat launched by US Delta rocket

    • July 26, 1986 Lebanese kidnappers released Rev Lawrence Martin Jenco

    • July 26, 1988 "Tlesa Ann Meadowcroft is born Salt Lake City, Utah"

    • July 26, 1989 "A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert T. Morris, Jr. for releasing the Morris worm, thus becoming the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act."

    • July 26, 1990 "General Hospital tapes its 7,000th episode"

    • July 26, 1990 US beats the Soviet Union 17-0 in baseball at the Goodwill Games

    • July 26, 1991 "Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman) is arrested in Florida, for exposing himself at an adult movie theater"

    • July 26, 1993 Italian Democrazia Cristian changes its name to People's Party.

    • July 26, 1999 """Eagles:Hell Freezers"" Over becomes the best selling music DVD"

    • July 26, 2005 "Mumbai, India receives 99.5cm of rain within 24 hours, bringing the city to a halt for over 2 days."

    • July 26, 2010 "Wikileaks releases 92,000 secret Afghan-war files - White House condemns move"







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