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    What happened on July 28

    • July 28, 1540 "Thomas Cromwell is executed on order from Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day."

    • July 28, 1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe

    • July 28, 1588 Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I

    • July 28, 1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda

    • July 28, 1609 "Bermuda is first settled, by survivors of the English Sea Venture, en route to Virginia."

    • July 28, 1615 Lake Huron is discovered by French explorer Samuel de Champlain.

    • July 28, 1655 "Cyrano De Bergerac French soldier, author died"

    • July 28, 1786 First potato arrives in Britain.

    • July 28, 1809 "Peninsular War: Battle of Talavera - Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a French force under Joseph Bonaparte."

    • July 28, 1821 Peru: Jose de San Martin declares independence from Spain.

    • July 28, 1830 Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe

    • July 28, 1849 "Memmon is first clipper to reach SF, 120 days out of NY"

    • July 28, 1851 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph

    • July 28, 1862 "Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo"

    • July 28, 1866 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US

    • July 28, 1866 The Metric Act of 1866 becomes law and legalizes the standardization of weights and measures in the United States.

    • July 28, 1868 "14th Amendment ratified, citizenship to exslaves"

    • July 28, 1873 The Japanese government implements land and tax reform as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms.

    • July 28, 1878 "Great Britain's William Gowland becomes the first non-Japanese to reach Yarigatake peak (3,180 meters), and he names the mountain the Japanese Alps, a name that is eventually used to refer to the entire mountain range."

    • July 28, 1882 "The opera ""Parsifal"" is produced (Bayreuth)"

    • July 28, 1883 "Shocks triggered by the volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000"

    • July 28, 1896 City of Miami incorporated

    • July 28, 1896 The City of Miami is incorporated.

    • July 28, 1900 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut

    • July 28, 1913 "US wins its first Davis Cup since 1902, beating England, 3-2"

    • July 28, 1914 "Foxtrot first danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)"

    • July 28, 1914 World War I begins: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after it failed to meet the conditions of an ultimatum it set on July 23 following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serbian assassin. This event leads to the outbreak of war.

    • July 28, 1915 "10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting lynchings"

    • July 28, 1915 Sailors and Marines land in Haiti to restore order

    • July 28, 1916 Navy establishes a Code and Signal Section which initially worked against German ciphers and tested the security of communications during U.S. naval training maneuvers.

    • July 28, 1920 "Pancho Villa, bandito and revolutionary, surrenders to the Mexican government."

    • July 28, 1926 Team of scientists from Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Carnegie Institution determine height of the Ionosphere through use of radio pulse transmitter developed by NRL

    • July 28, 1928 Olympics open at Amsterdam

    • July 28, 1930 "114? F (46? C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)"

    • July 28, 1931 "Congress makes ""The Star-Spangled Banner"" our 2nd national anthem"

    • July 28, 1932 Pres Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment

    • July 28, 1932 "US President Herbert Hoover orders the United States Army to forcibly evict the ""Bonus Army"" of World War I veterans gathered in Washington, DC."

    • July 28, 1933 The first singing telegram delivered to Rudy Vallee

    • July 28, 1934 "118? F (48? C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)"

    • July 28, 1942 "Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Russia"

    • July 28, 1942 World War II: USSR leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to alarming German advances into Russia. Under the order all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so will be immediately killed.

    • July 28, 1943 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

    • July 28, 1943 Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

    • July 28, 1945 A US Army B-25 bomber accidentally crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 injuring 26.

    • July 28, 1945 Thirteen people are killed when a B-25 bomber crashes into the Empire State Building.

    • July 28, 1945 "US Army bomber crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die"

    • July 28, 1945 US Senate ratifies UN charter 89-2

    • July 28, 1945 "USS Callaghan (DD-792) is last ship sunk by a Japanese kamikaze attack, off Okinawa."

    • July 28, 1948 "I.G. Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die"

    • July 28, 1951 "Walt Disney's ""Alice In Wonderland"" released"

    • July 28, 1955 "The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France."

    • July 28, 1958 Lord Jellicoe makes his maiden speech in the House of Lords.

    • July 28, 1959 Hawaii's first US election sends first Asian-Americans to Congress

    • July 28, 1960 Number one hit on UK music charts - Cliff Richard - Please Don't Tease

    • July 28, 1960 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon

    • July 28, 1962 19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa

    • July 28, 1962 Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean

    • July 28, 1964 Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures

    • July 28, 1966 Number one hit on UK music charts - Chris Farlowe - Out Of Time

    • July 28, 1967 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down

    • July 28, 1971 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning

    • July 28, 1973 "Launch of Skylab 3, the second manned mission to the first U.S. manned space station, was piloted by MAJ Jack R. Lousma, USMC with CAPT Alan L. Bean, USN as the Commander of the mission and former Navy electronics officer, Owen K. Garriott as Science Pilot. The mission lasted 59 days, 11 hours and included 858 Earth orbits. Recovery by USS New Orleans (LPH-11)."

    • July 28, 1973 Number one hit on UK music charts - Gary Glitter - I'm The Leader Of The Gang (I Am)

    • July 28, 1973 "Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched"

    • July 28, 1974 "69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil)"

    • July 28, 1976 "242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake"

    • July 28, 1976 "Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph"

    • July 28, 1976 "The Tangshan earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 magnitude flattens Tangshan, the People's Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851."

    • July 28, 1977 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks

    • July 28, 1977 The first oil flow through the Alaska pipeline

    • July 28, 1978 "600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY"

    • July 28, 1978 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for first time

    • July 28, 1979 Number one hit on UK music charts - Boomtown Rats - I Don't Like Mondays

    • July 28, 1980 Fernando Belaœnde Terry becomes president of Peru

    • July 28, 1984 23rd modern Olympic games opens in Los Angeles

    • July 28, 1986 "NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, ""Uh-oh!"" as spacecraft disintegrated"

    • July 28, 1987 "Angel Cordero Jr becomes the 4th jockey to win 6,000 races"

    • July 28, 1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for first visit in 21 years

    • July 28, 1988 Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank

    • July 28, 1988 "NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleve, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz"

    • July 28, 1988 "Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa destroyed by arson"

    • July 28, 1990 Blackout hits Chicago

    • July 28, 1990 Number one hit on UK music charts - Partners In Kryme - Turtle Power

    • July 28, 1991 Expo's Dennis Martinez pitches baseball's 15th perfect game (Dodgers)

    • July 28, 1991 Miguel Indurain of Spain wins the Tour de France bicycle race

    • July 28, 1994 Pitcher Kenny Rogers of the Texas Rangers throws a perfect game against the California Angels in a 4-0 win at The Ballpark in Arlington.

    • July 28, 1996 "Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, was discovered near Kennewick, Washington."

    • July 28, 1997 Guatemala becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

    • July 28, 2002 "Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, were rescued after 77 hours underground."

    • July 28, 2005 "A tornado touches down in a residential area in south Birmingham, England, causing 4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people."







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