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    What happened on October 1

    • October 1, 0331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.

    • October 1, 0911 "During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople."

    • October 1, 0959 Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.

    • October 1, 1189 "Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre."

    • October 1, 1661 Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James

    • October 1, 1787 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.

    • October 1, 1788 Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Vietnam.

    • October 1, 1791 First session of the French Legislative Assembly.

    • October 1, 1791 The first session of the new French legislative assembly

    • October 1, 1795 Belgium is conquered by France.

    • October 1, 1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty

    • October 1, 1800 U.S. Schooner Experiment captures French Schooner Diana.

    • October 1, 1814 "Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napolon the previous spring."

    • October 1, 1827 "The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia."

    • October 1, 1829 "South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools."

    • October 1, 1837 """Racer's"" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)"

    • October 1, 1837 Treaty with Winnebago Indians

    • October 1, 1843 News of the World began publication in London.

    • October 1, 1844 Naval Observatory headed by LT Matthew Fontaine Maury occupies first permanent quarters.

    • October 1, 1847 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.

    • October 1, 1847 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet

    • October 1, 1851 The first Hawaiian stamps issued

    • October 1, 1854 "The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing."

    • October 1, 1869 Austria issues the world's first postcards.

    • October 1, 1869 The first postcards are issued (Vienna)

    • October 1, 1874 "Supply Corps purser, LT J. Q. Barton, given leave to enter service of new Japanese Navy to organize a Pay Department and instruct Japanese about accounts. He served until 1 October 1877 when he again became a purser in the U.S. Navy. In 1878, the Emperor of Japan conferred on him the Fourth Class of Rising Sun for his service."

    • October 1, 1880 First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.

    • October 1, 1880 John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band.

    • October 1, 1880 John Phillip Sousa becomes leader of Marine Corps Band

    • October 1, 1885 Special delivery mail service begins in US

    • October 1, 1885 United States begins special-delivery mail service.

    • October 1, 1886 "The U.S. mint in Carson City, Nevada, closes."

    • October 1, 1887 Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.

    • October 1, 1888 "A new Chinese Exclusion Act voted by Congress, forbids Chinese workers who have left the United States to return"

    • October 1, 1889 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum

    • October 1, 1890 The McKinley Tariff Act passed by Congress October 1 increases the average U.S. import duty

    • October 1, 1890 The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.

    • October 1, 1890 Yosemite National Park established

    • October 1, 1891 "In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors."

    • October 1, 1893 "3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)"

    • October 1, 1894 "Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska"

    • October 1, 1894 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.

    • October 1, 1896 "Sherlock Holmes adventure ""The Veiled Lodger"" takes place (BG)"

    • October 1, 1898 Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.

    • October 1, 1898 Henry Huntington buys the LA Railway

    • October 1, 1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.

    • October 1, 1903 Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.

    • October 1, 1905 "Frantiek Pavlk is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leo Janek to the piano composition 1. X. 1905."

    • October 1, 1905 "The Grand Trunk assumes control of the 460 mile Canada Atlantic system by agreement dated August 15, 1904."

    • October 1, 1908 Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.

    • October 1, 1910 Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (first state fair)

    • October 1, 1910 "Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, California, killing 21."

    • October 1, 1918 "Sgt. William Merrifield (4th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Abancourt, France"

    • October 1, 1918 "World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a ""Lawrence of Arabia"") capture Damascus."

    • October 1, 1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.

    • October 1, 1926 "An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft."

    • October 1, 1926 Arirang premiers in Seoul.

    • October 1, 1928 "First class at school for enlisted Navy and Marine Corps Radio intercept operators (The ""On the roof gang"")"

    • October 1, 1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour

    • October 1, 1928 The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.

    • October 1, 1931 The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.

    • October 1, 1931 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.

    • October 1, 1936 Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.

    • October 1, 1936 Gen Francisco Franco establishes the state of Spain

    • October 1, 1937 "Patrol aviation transferred to Aircraft Scouting Force, a reestablished type command. With change five patrol wings were established as separate administrative command over their squadrons."

    • October 1, 1937 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

    • October 1, 1938 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia)

    • October 1, 1939 "After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city."

    • October 1, 1939 "Winston Chruchill refers to Soviet policy as ""a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"""

    • October 1, 1940 "Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens"

    • October 1, 1940 "The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic."

    • October 1, 1942 "Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight"

    • October 1, 1942 "First flight of the Bell XP-59 ""Aircomet""."

    • October 1, 1942 USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she was carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong

    • October 1, 1943 "Clark's forces enter Naples, Italy."

    • October 1, 1943 World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.

    • October 1, 1944 Newspaper editor Alejandro C›rdova assassinated in Guatemala

    • October 1, 1944 The Channel ports are in Allied hands

    • October 1, 1945 Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from the army

    • October 1, 1946 Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.

    • October 1, 1946 "Truculent Turtle lands at Columbus, Ohio, breaking world's record for distance without refueling with flight of 11,235 miles."

    • October 1, 1947 NHL Pension Society founded

    • October 1, 1947 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.

    • October 1, 1947 "The first helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca"

    • October 1, 1947 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends

    • October 1, 1948 Calif Supreme Court voids state statute banning interracial marriages

    • October 1, 1948 Radio Denmark begins transmitting

    • October 1, 1949 Chinese Communist Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (1893-1976) declared his country the People's Republic of China after defeating Chiang Kai-Shek's Kuomingtang forces who fled to Taiwan.

    • October 1, 1949 Military Sea Transportation Service activated.

    • October 1, 1951 "24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black military unit, deactivated"

    • October 1, 1951 The first treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson

    • October 1, 1952 "The first ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or"

    • October 1, 1953 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras

    • October 1, 1954 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation

    • October 1, 1955 """Honeymooners"" premieres"

    • October 1, 1955 "Commissioning of USS Forrestal (CVA-59), first of postwar supercarriers"

    • October 1, 1957 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack

    • October 1, 1957 "First appearance of ""In God We Trust"" on U.S. paper currency."

    • October 1, 1958 Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia

    • October 1, 1958 Inauguration of NASA

    • October 1, 1958 NASA created to replace NACA.

    • October 1, 1958 Vanguard Project transferred from military to NASA

    • October 1, 1960 Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)

    • October 1, 1961 A believed extinct volcanco erupts in Tristan da Cunha

    • October 1, 1961 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon

    • October 1, 1961 East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.

    • October 1, 1961 "Roger Maris sets record of 61 HRs, last off of Tracy Stallard"

    • October 1, 1962 Barbra Streisand signs her 1st recording contract (with Columbia)

    • October 1, 1962 Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage the Beatles through 1977

    • October 1, 1962 "Johnny Carson hosts his 1st Tonight Show, Joan Crawford guests"

    • October 1, 1962 The Lucy Show premiers

    • October 1, 1962 US National Radio Astronomy Obs gets a 300' (91m) radio telescope

    • October 1, 1963 Nigeria becomes a republic within the Commonwealth

    • October 1, 1964 "Free Speech Movement launched at U of California, Berkley"

    • October 1, 1964 "Japanese Shinkansen (""bullet trains"") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka."

    • October 1, 1964 SF cable cars declared a national landmark

    • October 1, 1964 "The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley."

    • October 1, 1965 "Apostasia of 1965, a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, George Papandreou."

    • October 1, 1965 General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.

    • October 1, 1968 """Night of the Living Dead"" premieres in Pittsburgh"

    • October 1, 1968 The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).

    • October 1, 1969 Guernsey & Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps

    • October 1, 1969 The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.

    • October 1, 1971 "Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States."

    • October 1, 1972 "Louis Leakey famed anthropologist, dies at 68"

    • October 1, 1973 "Joe Devlin actor (Sam-Dick Tracy), dies at 74"

    • October 1, 1975 "Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, take name ""Tuvalu"""

    • October 1, 1975 "Reunion Island stops prints stamps, France takes over production"

    • October 1, 1975 The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.

    • October 1, 1975 "Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines."

    • October 1, 1977 "Brazilian soccer great Pele' retires with 1,281 goals in 1,363 games"

    • October 1, 1978 The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.

    • October 1, 1978 Tuvalu (Ellice Islands) gains independence from Britain

    • October 1, 1979 US returns Canal Zone to Panama after 75 years (but not the canal)

    • October 1, 1980 Cosmonauts Ryumin & Popov break space endurance record of 176 days

    • October 1, 1980 USS Cochrane (DDG-21) rescues 104 Vietnamese refugees 620 miles east of Saigon

    • October 1, 1982 "EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States."

    • October 1, 1982 Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.

    • October 1, 1982 Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).

    • October 1, 1982 West Germany's Parliament ousts chancellor Helmut Schmidt

    • October 1, 1984 Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus

    • October 1, 1985 The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.

    • October 1, 1986 President Carter's presidential library/museum dedicated in Atlanta

    • October 1, 1987 6 killed by an earthquake measuring 6.1 in LA

    • October 1, 1987 "The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9."

    • October 1, 1988 Robert Englund the actor who plays Freddie Kruger weds Nancy Booth

    • October 1, 1989 "Dallas Cowboy, Ed ""Too Tall"" Jones records his 1,000th NFL tackle"

    • October 1, 1989 "Denmark: World's first legal modern same-sex civil union called ""registered partnership"""

    • October 1, 1989 Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany

    • October 1, 1989 "US issues a stamp, labeling an apatosaurus as a brontosaurus"

    • October 1, 1990 "Curtis E LeMay USAF General, WWII dies at 83"

    • October 1, 1990 "Pres Bush at the UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait"

    • October 1, 1990 USS Independence (CV-62) enters Persian Gulf (first carrier in Persian Gulf since 1974)

    • October 1, 1993 "The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway commences operation over the former CN line between Sydney and Truro, Nova Scotia."

    • October 1, 1994 Palau gains independence from the United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States of America.

    • October 1, 1996 The St. Lawrence and Hudson Railway is formed by merging the CP Rail routes in southern Ontario and Quebec with its Delaware and Hudson subsidiary in northern USA. The STLH name was first used about June 1 although the legal entity was not established until October 1.

    • October 1, 1998 Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.

    • October 1, 2003 Moot creates the popular internet image board board 4chan

    • October 1, 2004 "Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki makes his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record."

    • October 1, 2005 Bombing kills 23 people in Bali.

    • October 1, 2005 "Inkheart a book by Cornelia Funke, was released."

    • October 1, 2006 Age discrimination in employment is made illegal in the United Kingdom.

    • October 1, 2008 "the Senate passes a revised bailout plan containing $110 billion in tax breaks for business and the middle class, and raises the FDI rates on deposits"

    • October 1, 2009 12 people are killed in fighting between rival Islamist groups for control of the port city of Kismayo in southern Somalia.

    • October 1, 2009 "A second earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale occurs near Sumatra, Indonesia, following a 7.6 magnitude earthquake the previous day."

    • October 1, 2009 "Ahead of the second Irish referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon, the Vatican issues a warning to Irish voters that the European Union threatens Ireland's ""identity, traditions and history"""

    • October 1, 2009 "Around 150 Venezuelan students end a weeklong hunger strike protesting against alleged human rights abuses in Venezuela, after Organization of American States officials agree to meet the students and one of their leaders is released."

    • October 1, 2009 "Ateke Tom, militant leader of the Niger Delta Vigilante in the Niger Delta region, accepts an amnesty by the Nigerian government."

    • October 1, 2009 Iran agrees to allow inspections of a recently revealed nuclear facility near the city of Qom.

    • October 1, 2009 Ireland's Taoiseach Brian Cowen rules out a third referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon if the second referendum due on 2 October is again rejected by the Irish people.

    • October 1, 2009 Mass celebrations take place in Beijing to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

    • October 1, 2009 Pakistan is to launch a greater campaign in South Waziristan against the Taliban.

    • October 1, 2009 "Paleontologists announced the discovery of an Ardipithecus ramidus fossil skeleton, deeming it the oldest fossil skeleton of a human ancestor."

    • October 1, 2009 The death toll from the previous earthquake rises to at least 1100.

    • October 1, 2009 The Dow Jones loses over 200 points by the closing bell.

    • October 1, 2009 "The International Monetary Fund says the global economy is ""recovering faster than expected"", raising its forecast for global growth to 3.1% for 2010, up from 2.5%."

    • October 1, 2009 "The Justices of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom are sworn into office, replacing the Law Lords as the final court of appeal in the country."

    • October 1, 2009 "The Netherland Antilles agrees to disband on October 10, 2010. Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba will become Dutch municipalities within the Netherlands, whereas Cura‡ao and Sint Maarten will become self-governing countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands."

    • October 1, 2009 The opposition in Guinea reject a call by the ruling junta to create a unity government.

    • October 1, 2009 "The Romanian coalition government collapses with the withdrawal of the Social Democratic Party, in protest at the sacking of one of its members."







What happened on October 1 - What happened on my birthday. Today in History. Dates In history

 
Visitors' Postings

    • October 01, 1947 Visitor posting - Nancy Lee Moores born - USA

    • October 01, 1974 Visitor posting - 1st October 1974 gave birth to my second and last child a beautiful daughter weight 5lb 13oz

    • October 01, 1983 Visitor posting - Michael Gallison &Jane Berlow Kardys Gallison wedding - USA

    • October 01, 1992 Visitor posting - Joshua Stephen Genet was born on this day. - USA

    • October 01, 2004 "Visitor posting - Amy Clark ( Glenrothes, Kingdom of Fife ) born today - United Kingdom"

    • October 01, 2010 "Visitor posting - Fire Dispatching from Engine House Freehold NJ Sta. 15, Transferred to Mon. Co. Radio - USA"



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