See what makes October 8 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 8
- October 8, 0314 "Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories."
- October 8, 0451 "At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1)."
- October 8, 0451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
- October 8, 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
- October 8, 1275 "Scottish forces put down a Manx rebellion in the Battle of Ronaldsway, Isle of Man"
- October 8, 1480 "Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde."
- October 8, 1600 San Marino adopts its written constitution.
- October 8, 1604 "The supernova called ""Kepler's nova"" is First sighted"
- October 8, 1775 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army
- October 8, 1818 2 English boxers are the first to use padded gloves
- October 8, 1821 The government of general Jos de San Martn establishes the Peruvian Navy.
- October 8, 1822 First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
- October 8, 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
- October 8, 1856 The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
- October 8, 1860 Telegraph line between LA and SF opens
- October 8, 1862 "Battle of Perryville, KY-Confederate invasion halted"
- October 8, 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
- October 8, 1871 "Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, having left nearly 100,000 people homeless, although the Peshtigo Fire killed as many as 2,500 people making it the deadliest fire in United States history."
- October 8, 1871 "Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4?miles (10 km?) of Chicago buildings, and original Emancipation Proclamation"
- October 8, 1879 "War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter."
- October 8, 1895 "Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace."
- October 8, 1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of industrial stocks
- October 8, 1912 First Balkan War begins
- October 8, 1916 "Piper James C. Richardson (16th Cdn. Infanctry Batt.) winds the Victoria Cross at the Somme, France"
- October 8, 1918 "Capt. Coulson Norman Mitchell (4th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Cambrai, France"
- October 8, 1918 "Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans"
- October 8, 1918 "World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132."
- October 8, 1928 Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.
- October 8, 1929 "The suspension of Billy Coutu was lifted so that the former Boston Bruins defenseman could play in the minor leagues. In Game 4 of the 1927 Stanley Cup, Coutu started a brawl, punching referee Jerry LaFlamme. As a result, Coutu became the first player to be suspended for life from the NHL."
- October 8, 1932 The Indian Air Force is established.
- October 8, 1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
- October 8, 1935 Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie and Harriet)
- October 8, 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
- October 8, 1941 "World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol."
- October 8, 1944 """Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet"" debut on CBS radio"
- October 8, 1944 "The Battle of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill just outside of Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown receives a Medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle."
- October 8, 1945 Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
- October 8, 1952 "2 trains collide with a derailed commuter train, kills 112 (England)"
- October 8, 1955 "Worlds most powerful aircraft carrier, Saratoga (US), launched"
- October 8, 1957 Turkish and Syrian border guards exchange fire
- October 8, 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
- October 8, 1962 "N Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers' Party"
- October 8, 1962 "Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article ""Bedingt abwehrbereit"" (""Conditionally prepared for defense"") about a NATO manoeuver called ""Fallex 62"", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason."
- October 8, 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
- October 8, 1964 Number one hit on UK music charts - Roy Orbison - Oh Pretty Woman
- October 8, 1964 Ringo Starr takes and passes his driving test
- October 8, 1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
- October 8, 1970 Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn awarded Nobel Prize for Lit
- October 8, 1970 "Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as ""a maneuver to deceive world opinion."""
- October 8, 1971 "John Lennon releases his megahit ""Imagine"""
- October 8, 1973 "Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed."
- October 8, 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
- October 8, 1977 Number one hit on UK music charts - David Soul - Silver Lady
- October 8, 1978 "Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60mph at Blowering Dam, Australia."
- October 8, 1981 "Pres Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford and Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral"
- October 8, 1982 Poland bans Solidarity
- October 8, 1988 "Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage"
- October 8, 1988 Number one hit on UK music charts - U2 - Desire
- October 8, 1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
- October 8, 1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray and E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
- October 8, 1991 A colonial-era burial site for African-American slaves is discovered in New York by construction crew
- October 8, 1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
- October 8, 1999 "New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar."
- October 8, 2001 "A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118."
- October 8, 2003 "Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark's engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced."
- October 8, 2005 The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
- October 8, 2008 "Jewish Holiday - Yom Kippur - No work is permitted. October 8-9, 2008"
- October 8, 2009 "A new study reveals one in four people are Muslim, with the global Muslim population standing at 1.57 billion."
- October 8, 2009 "A prominent Al-Qaeda leader, Abu Yahya al-Libi, urges Muslims in Xinjiang to ""prepare for holy war"" after the riots in July."
- October 8, 2009 A Taliban attack on the Indian embassy in Kabul kills at least 17 and injures 83.
- October 8, 2009 At least two people are killed and dozens injured as Typhoon Melor makes landfall in Japan.
- October 8, 2009 Colombia's Administrative Department of Security to be dismantled and become newly named Agencia Central de Inteligencia
- October 8, 2009 "Czech President V�clav Klaus, during a telephone conversation with Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, requests a new two-sentence footnote be added to the Treaty of Lisbon before signing it."
- October 8, 2009 "DNA analysis reveals the identity of the ""cursed blood"" disorder that afflicted the British Royal Family in the 19th and early 20th centuries."
- October 8, 2009 "French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner says the Lisbon Treaty will not be changed to meet the demands of Klaus, accusing him of ""inventing difficulties"" and saying he has no doubt this behaviour will continue."
- October 8, 2009 Guinea's military government announces it is setting up a commission to investigate the shooting of protesters last week.
- October 8, 2009 "In addition, Alexander Szczyglo, the president's head of security, tells the TVN24 television channel that President Kaczynski will sign the Lisbon treaty on October 11."
- October 8, 2009 "Kaczynski's twin brother and political ally, Jaroslaw, denies this."
- October 8, 2009 "Polish President Lech Kaczynski announces his intention to sign the Treaty of Lisbon on Saturday October 10, completing the country's ratification process. The Polish ratification ceremony is due to be attended by President of the European Commission Jos� Manuel Barroso."
- October 8, 2009 "The 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature goes to the Romanian-German novelist Herta M�ller, ""who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"". She becomes the twelfth woman to win the literature prize and the fourth female Nobel Laureate of 2009, a record year for female achievers."
- October 8, 2009 The Government of Ireland announces Nicholas Kearns as its nomination for appointment as President of the High Court.
- October 8, 2009 "Wallace Souza, former Brazilian television presenter accused of ordering murders to boost the ratings of Canal Livre, now a fugitive from justice, is at large following the end of his parliamentary immunity."
- October 8, 2009 "Yevgeny Dzhugashvili launches a court action claiming the Novaya Gazeta newspaper has defamed his grandfather, Joseph Stalin."