See what makes October 19 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 19
- October 19, 0202 BC - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal.
- October 19, 0439 "The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa."
- October 19, 1216 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
- October 19, 1453 "The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil."
- October 19, 1466 The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Treaty of Toru. Gdansk Pomerania and Prussia as a whole are incorporated into Poland; the Teutonic Knights are allowed to rule its eastern part as Polish vassals.
- October 19, 1469 "Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain."
- October 19, 1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
- October 19, 1781 "At Yorktown, Virginia, British commander Lord Cornwallis surrendered to a Franco-American force led by George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau, paving the way for the end of the American Revolutionary War."
- October 19, 1781 Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends
- October 19, 1789 Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
- October 19, 1812 Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
- October 19, 1812 Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
- October 19, 1813 "The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats."
- October 19, 1818 US & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
- October 19, 1822 "In Parnaba; Simplcio Dias da Silva, Joo Cndido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piau."
- October 19, 1853 First flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
- October 19, 1856 James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
- October 19, 1859 Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
- October 19, 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek - Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
- October 19, 1864 "Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada."
- October 19, 1870 Four blacks elected to House of Representatives
- October 19, 1872 World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
- October 19, 1873 "Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules."
- October 19, 1889 Portugal's Luiz I dies at age 51 after a 28-year reign in which slavery has been abolished in every Portuguese colony
- October 19, 1901 Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
- October 19, 1904 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
- October 19, 1912 "Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire."
- October 19, 1912 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
- October 19, 1914 The First Battle of Ypres begins.
- October 19, 1917 "Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened."
- October 19, 1919 First Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman
- October 19, 1921 Portuguese Prime Minister Antnio Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
- October 19, 1933 Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
- October 19, 1933 Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
- October 19, 1943 "Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University."
- October 19, 1943 "Theater Guild presentation of ""Othello"" opens"
- October 19, 1944 United States forces land in the Philippines.
- October 19, 1944 US forces land in Philipines
- October 19, 1945 "Foundation of War Widow's Guild of Australia The guild's first president was Mrs Jessie Vasey, widow of Major-General GA Vasey, who had asked his wife to ""look after the widows"""
- October 19, 1950 The military of the People's Republic of China takes control of the town of Chamdo in eastern Tibet.
- October 19, 1950 UN forces entered the capital of North Korea
- October 19, 1953 First jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service
- October 19, 1954 First ascent of Cho Oyu
- October 19, 1960 France grants Mauritania independence
- October 19, 1960 The US imposes an embargo on exports to Cuba
- October 19, 1961 Number one hit on UK music charts - Helen Shapiro - Walkin' Back To Happiness
- October 19, 1963 "Beatles record ""I Want to Hold Your Hand"" released"
- October 19, 1967 Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
- October 19, 1968 Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
- October 19, 1974 Niue becomes self-govering colony of New Zealand
- October 19, 1974 Number one hit on UK music charts - Sweet Sensation - Sad Sweet Dreamer
- October 19, 1976 "Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon. The same day, the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species."
- October 19, 1977 Supersonic Concorde jet's first landing in NYC
- October 19, 1982 "Automaker John DeLorean arrested on cocaine charges, found not guilty"
- October 19, 1983 "Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and executed in a military coup d'tat led by Bernard Coard."
- October 19, 1986 "Samora Machel, President of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, and 33 others died when their Tupolev 134 plane crashed into the Lebombo Mountains."
- October 19, 1986 USSR expells 5 US diplomats
- October 19, 1987 "(Black Monday) Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points. 4 times previous record. This is considered a Stock Market Crash."
- October 19, 1987 "In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran's offshore oil platforms."
- October 19, 1987 US warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf
- October 19, 1988 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
- October 19, 1988 Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members
- October 19, 1988 "Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border"
- October 19, 1988 "S Afr anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize"
- October 19, 1988 Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows
- October 19, 1989 Guildford Four convictions are quashed by the Court of Appeal - they had spent 15 years in prison through a miscarriage of justice.
- October 19, 1991 7.0 Richter Scale earthquake in Northern Italy - 2000 dead
- October 19, 1994 The Goodnight Kiwi airs in New Zealand for the last time as TV2 moves to 24-hour television 7 days a week.
- October 19, 1998 "The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage."
- October 19, 2001 "SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people."
- October 19, 2003 Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
- October 19, 2004 Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
- October 19, 2004 Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the Thai government on charges of corruption.
- October 19, 2005 Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
- October 19, 2005 Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
- October 19, 2005 The last Major League Baseball game is played at Busch Memorial Stadium.
- October 19, 2007 "Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people."
- October 19, 2009 "32 Extra Solar planets are discovered and announced, this making the record of most exoplanets discovered in one day and in one month."
- October 19, 2009 "Abraham Lauhenaspessy (""Captain Bram""), a suspected kingpin people smuggler, is detained in Indonesia."
- October 19, 2009 Charles Wesley Mumbere is crowned king of the Bakonjo people in the Rwenzururu district of Uganda.
- October 19, 2009 Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico says that he will also demand an opt-out in the Treaty of Lisbon if the Czech Republic is granted one.
- October 19, 2009 "The Opposition in the Australian Parliament demands details on the salary of high-profile Kerry O'Brien, presenter of The 7.30 Report for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation."
- October 19, 2009 United Nations?backed electoral fraud investigators throw out a third of President Hamid Karzai's votes leading to a runoff in the presidential election.