See what makes October 22 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 22
- October 22, 0202 "BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama."
- October 22, 0362 "The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire."
- October 22, 0794 Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
- October 22, 1383 The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder began when King Fernando died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne.
- October 22, 1575 Foundation of Aguascalientes.
- October 22, 1692 Last hanging for witchcraft in the United States.
- October 22, 1746 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
- October 22, 1746 The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.
- October 22, 1784 "Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska."
- October 22, 1797 "Andr,-Jacques Garnerin makes first parachute jump from balloon (Paris)"
- October 22, 1797 "One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, Andr-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump."
- October 22, 1797 The First Parachute Jump from hot air balloon over Paris
- October 22, 1836 Sam Houston inaugurated as first elected president of Republic of Texas
- October 22, 1836 Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
- October 22, 1844 "The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment."
- October 22, 1866 "Paraguay: Battle of Curupayt against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay."
- October 22, 1867 Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
- October 22, 1875 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
- October 22, 1875 Sons of the American Revolution organized
- October 22, 1877 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
- October 22, 1878 "The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton."
- October 22, 1883 First NY Horse Show held in Madison Square Gardens
- October 22, 1883 Original Metropolitan Opera House in New York grand opening (Faust)
- October 22, 1895 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
- October 22, 1906 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philedalphia
- October 22, 1907 Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
- October 22, 1910 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
- October 22, 1924 Toastmasters International is founded.
- October 22, 1926 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
- October 22, 1934 "Charles ""Pretty Boy"" Floyd, the notorious bank robber and folk hero dies - shot by FBI"
- October 22, 1934 "In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents."
- October 22, 1935 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
- October 22, 1936 First commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
- October 22, 1938 First Xerox copy made
- October 22, 1940 "HMCS MARGAREE (RCN , ex 'Diana'), lost west of Ireland by collision with SS 'Port Fairy'."
- October 22, 1941 "French hero of the resistance Guy Mquet is executed by the Germans, along with 29 other hostages as a retaliation for a killed German officer."
- October 22, 1943 "World War II: Kassel: RAF conducts an air raid on the city of 236,000 people, killing 10,000, rendering 150,000 homeless. Second firestorm raid in Germany"
- October 22, 1946 "Corporal J R Sewell, 10th Australian Bomb Disposal Platoon, BCOF, is awarded the George Medal for his rescue of Japanese survivors after an explosion in a boat carrying high explosives"
- October 22, 1946 Forty four British sailors die when two British warships hit mines off the coast of Albania.
- October 22, 1949 200 killed in train derailment in Poland
- October 22, 1953 Laos gains full independence from France
- October 22, 1953 Laos gains independence from France.
- October 22, 1954 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- October 22, 1956 "A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan."
- October 22, 1957 Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
- October 22, 1960 Independence of Mali from France.
- October 22, 1962 "Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy, after internal counsel from Dwight D. Eisenhower, announces that American spy planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval ""quarantine"" of the island nation."
- October 22, 1962 "JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis"
- October 22, 1963 "225,000 students boycott Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest"
- October 22, 1963 BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.
- October 22, 1964 Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official Flag of Canada.
- October 22, 1964 "Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but turns down the honour."
- October 22, 1964 Number one hit on UK music charts - Sandie Shaw - (There's) Always Something There To Remind Me
- October 22, 1966 The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A' Go-Go).
- October 22, 1966 USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon
- October 22, 1968 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
- October 22, 1970 Tunku Abdul Rahman resign from Prime Minister of Malaysia.
- October 22, 1972 "Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris. Thieu rejects the proposal and accused the United States of conspiring to undermine his regime"
- October 22, 1973 Security Council Resolution 338 -c ease fire to the Yom Kippur War
- October 22, 1975 "Gays in the military: US Air Force Tech Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a decorated veteran of the Vietnam War, is given a general discharge after appearing in his Air Force uniform on the cover of Time magazine with the headline (printed in all uppercase) ""I Am A Homosexual."""
- October 22, 1975 Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus
- October 22, 1976 Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
- October 22, 1977 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
- October 22, 1978 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession
- October 22, 1979 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NY for medical treatment
- October 22, 1979 Ousted Shah of Iran arrives in New York for cancer treatment
- October 22, 1979 Walt Disney World's 100-millionth guest
- October 22, 1980 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
- October 22, 1981 Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization decertified
- October 22, 1981 The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.
- October 22, 1981 The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August.
- October 22, 1981 US national debt tops $1 trillion
- October 22, 1983 "Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons."
- October 22, 1986 WNBC traffic reporter Jane Dornacker is killed when the helicopter she is riding in stalls and crashes into the Hudson River.
- October 22, 1987 "John Adams's opera Nixon in China debuts at the Houston Grand Opera in Houston, Texas."
- October 22, 1987 "The pinnacle rock ""Gendarme"" falls at Seneca Rocks."
- October 22, 1988 Elton John sells out Madison Square Gardens for a record 26th time
- October 22, 1991 "Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church."
- October 22, 1994 "Pablo Gonzalez Zamorano, born at Iquique (Chile)"
- October 22, 1999 "Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity."
- October 22, 2005 Crash of Bellview Airlines Flight 210 in Nigeria kills all 117 on board.
- October 22, 2005 "The first phase of Transantiago, the new public transport system of Santiago de Chile is implemented."
- October 22, 2005 "Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms."
- October 22, 2006 A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.
- October 22, 2006 "Michael Schumacher drives his last Formula 1 Race. The very same day the Spaniard Fernando Alonso wins the 2006 Formula 1 World Championship, becoming the 8th and youngest driver to win it twice in a row to emulate the achievements of Mika Hkkinen, Michael Schumacher and five other drivers."
- October 22, 2008 Jewish Holiday - Simchat Torah - No work is permitted.
- October 22, 2009 A U.S. State Department report to Congress alleges that war crimes were committed by the Sri Lankan Military and the rebel Tamil Tigers in the final months of the Sri Lankan Civil War. (
- October 22, 2009 "China's economy grows at 8.9% in the third quarter from a year earlier, the fastest pace in a year.)"
- October 22, 2009 Ethiopia appeals for food aid for 6.2 million people facing starvation.
- October 22, 2009 "In a change of policy, the British Broadcasting Corporation controversially gives a platform on Question Time to the far right British National Party (BNP) leader Nick Griffin."
- October 22, 2009 "Nearly 6,000 Tamil refugees are released from Sri Lanka's main camp for war-displaced people, to be re-settled over the next few weeks."
- October 22, 2009 "Sweden's Lutheran Church decides to conduct same-sex marriages, becoming the first major church to do so."
- October 22, 2009 The Microsoft operating system Windows 7 goes on retail sale worldwide. (CNET News)
- October 22, 2009 "The Olympic Flame was lit during a ceremony in Olympia, Greece to start the 2010 Winter Olympics Torch Relay."
- October 22, 2009 The Russian civil rights society Memorial is awarded the 2009 Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought.
- October 22, 2009 The U.S. Department of Homeland Security will allow Chinese and Russian tourists to travel to the Northern Mariana Islands without a visa.
- October 22, 2009 The U.S. House Financial Services Committee approved a measure establishing a Consumer Financial Protection Agency