See what makes October 31 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 31
- October 31, 0445 "BC - Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 9:1, NLTse)."
- October 31, 0475 Romulus Augustulus was proclaimed Roman Emperor.
- October 31, 1517 Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church-Protestant Reformation
- October 31, 1517 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther posts his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.
- October 31, 1587 Leiden University Library opens its doors after its founding in 1575.
- October 31, 1759 Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred
- October 31, 1793 "Execution of the Girondins at Paris, during the Reign of Terror"
- October 31, 1815 Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
- October 31, 1822 Emperor Agustn de Iturbide attempted to dissolve the Mexican Empire.
- October 31, 1861 "American Civil War: Citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigns as Commander of the United States Army."
- October 31, 1863 The Maori Wars resumed as British forces in New Zealand led by General Duncan Cameron began their Invasion of the Waikato.
- October 31, 1864 Nevada admitted as 36th state
- October 31, 1864 Nevada is admitted as the 36th U.S. state.
- October 31, 1876 "A monster cyclone ravages India, resulting in over 200,000 human deaths."
- October 31, 1892 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- October 31, 1908 4th Olympic games end in London
- October 31, 1912 Dominican Republic becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
- October 31, 1912 "The Musketeers of Pig Alley, directed by D.W. Griffith, debuts as the first gangster film."
- October 31, 1917 "Major George R. Pearkes (5th Cdn. Mounted Rifles) wins the Victoria Cross at Passchendaele, Belgium"
- October 31, 1918 Banat Republic founded
- October 31, 1922 Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy
- October 31, 1924 World Savings Day was announced in Milano/Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
- October 31, 1926 Magician Harry Houdini dies of gangrene and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured.
- October 31, 1936 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines was formed.
- October 31, 1938 "Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public."
- October 31, 1940 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto
- October 31, 1941 "After 14 years of work, drilling is completed on Mount Rushmore."
- October 31, 1941 "World War II: The destroyer USS Reuben James is torpedoed by a German U-boat near Iceland, killing more than 100 United States Navy sailors. It is the first U.S. Navy vessel sunk by enemy action in WWII."
- October 31, 1943 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar guided interception.
- October 31, 1950 "Collazo and Torresola attempt to kill Truman in Washington, DC"
- October 31, 1952 First thermonuclear bomb detonated-Marshall Islands
- October 31, 1956 Britain and France begin to bomb Egypt to reopen the Suez Canal
- October 31, 1956 "Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service"
- October 31, 1956 First American to land an airplane at South Pole-Rear Adm GJ Dufek
- October 31, 1959 Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to US
- October 31, 1959 "Lee Harvey Oswald attempted to renounce his American citizenship at the US Embassy in Moscow, USSR."
- October 31, 1961 "In the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Lenin's Tomb."
- October 31, 1963 Ed Sullivan witnesses the Beatles and their fans at London Airport
- October 31, 1963 Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) explosion in Indianapolis kills 74 people during an ice skating show. The mammoth explosion injured 400. A faulty propane tank connection in a concession stand was blamed.
- October 31, 1963 "Leaking propane gas explodes, kills 64 at ""Holiday on Ice"" (Indiana)"
- October 31, 1964 "Barbra Streisand's ""People,"" album goes #1 for 5 weeks"
- October 31, 1965 "Canadian National introduces ""Rapido"" passenger service between Montreal and Toronto. This was extended to Quebec in the following year."
- October 31, 1967 Nguyen Van Thieu took oath of office as First pres of S Vietnam 2nd Republic
- October 31, 1968 President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam
- October 31, 1968 "Vietnam War October surprise: Citing progress with the Paris peace talks, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of ""all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam"" effective November 1."
- October 31, 1969 "George Harrison's ""Something"" is released in UK"
- October 31, 1970 Number one hit on UK music charts - Matthew's Southern Comfort - Woodstock
- October 31, 1975 "Queen released their hit single, Bohemian Rhapsody. It spent 9 weeks at number 1 on the UK charts."
- October 31, 1980 "Julian Nott sets world hot-air balloon altitude record (16,806 m)"
- October 31, 1983 Match Game Hollywood Squares Hour premieres on NBC
- October 31, 1984 "Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two Sikh security guards (riots soon broke out in New Delhi and nearly 2,000 innocent Sikhs were killed)."
- October 31, 1984 "Puerto Rican tanker, San Francisco explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as the ship caught fire"
- October 31, 1986 The 5th congress of the Communist Party of Sweden is inaugurated. During the course of the congress the party name is changed to the Solidarity Party and the party ceases to be a communist party.
- October 31, 1988 "First Monday Night NFL game in Indianapolis, Colts beat Denver 55-23"
- October 31, 1988 Journalists demand greater press freedom in Yugoslavia
- October 31, 1991 "A three day long snow and ice storm, dubbed the Halloween Blizzard, begins over portions of the Upper Midwest of the United States."
- October 31, 1994 "An American Eagle ATR-72 crashes in Roselawn, Indiana, after circling in icy weather, killing 68 passengers and crew."
- October 31, 1996 "A Brazilian TAM Fokker F100 crashes into several houses in So Paulo, Brazil killing 98 including 2 on the ground."
- October 31, 1996 Jean Chrtien becomes UN special envoy to the African Great Lakes.
- October 31, 1997 "19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison."
- October 31, 1999 "EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board."
- October 31, 2000 A chartered Antonov An-26 explodes after takeoff in Northern Angola killing 50
- October 31, 2000 "A Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 operating as Flight 006 collides with construction equipment upon takeoff in Taipei, Taiwan killing 79 passengers and 4 crew members"
- October 31, 2000 The last Multics machine was shut down.
- October 31, 2003 "A bankruptcy court approves MCI's reorganization plans, essentially clearing the telecommunications company to exit bankruptcy."
- October 31, 2003 "Mahathir bin Mohamad resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia and is replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, marking an end to Mahathir's 22 years in power."
- October 31, 2004 "Passenger airline service ends at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Canada."
- October 31, 2009 A video of the kidnapped Irish priest Father Michael Sinnott is released by his captors in the Philippines. The kidnappers want a $2 million (?1.36 million) ransom. It is the first evidence that Sinnott is still alive since his abduction on 11 October.
- October 31, 2009 "More than 50 people are arrested in the Russian capital Moscow after holding an ""unsanctioned"" human rights rally."
- October 31, 2009 Niger's opposition leader Mahamadou Issoufou returns to the country to face charges of money laundering
- October 31, 2011 World population at 7 billion today